Benefits Of Ict In Physical Education Education Essay

Abstraction

1.0 Introduction

This decennary is characterised by rapid technological progresss. Bing in the digital epoch, engineering has accounted for many alterations in the educational sector. These alterations range from the method direction is delivered, to the attitudes on how learning occurs to the sum of coaction and cognition sharing between non lone pupils, but besides between instructors, directors and decision makers. ICT represents one of the most utile tools to heighten course of study if used right. Harmonizing to Waxman H.Lin & A ; Mitchko ( 2003 ) , learning and larning with engineering has had a important impact on pupils ‘ results when compared to traditional direction.

In the hereafter, P.E will necessitate to undergo extremist alterations. If engineering had an impact in larning in general instruction, could it besides heighten instruction and acquisition in P.E? New developments in the field of engineering will positively impact the P.E course of study. For illustration, the usage of technological progresss will fix physical pedagogues for the hereafter demands and outlooks of the society. Furthermore, the Ministry of Education is puting much accent on incorporating ICT in the instruction and larning procedure in secondary schools. As pupils perform exercisings and accomplishments in their Pe categories, PE instructors can utilize technological tools and systems to quantify procedures and consequences to assist them larn more about themselves ( Kirkwood, Manon, 2002 ) .However, before utilizing ICT in our schools as a instruction tool, these of import inquiries must be addressed. What technological options are available for our PE pedagogues? Do utilizing technological tools in the PE categories motivate the pupils? What is the function of engineering as an assessment tool and how it is linked to public presentation?

Harmonizing to Green ( 2002 ) , with the rapid developments in engineering, ICT has made a important impact on a figure of P.E sections, and has the possible to heighten instruction and acquisition in P.E. Cummings ( 2002 ) further suggests that the permeation of ICT in instruction is now impacting on P.E every bit much as on any other topics. Many P.E sections in the U.K are presently utilizing ICT for disposal and direction undertakings. Computers allow us to continuously modify and update our strategies of work and lesson programs. The creative activity of a database of all pupils in the schools enable school decision makers to keep elaborate records of appraisals, cardinal phase classs, athleticss awards and extra-curricular accomplishments.

GENERAL CONTRIBUTION/BENEFITS OF ICT IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION

The usage of ICT in PE makes the scientific discipline of athletics come to life by associating both physical and mental activity. It besides helps to make fully fledged pupils who are able to concentrate better on both practical and theoretical work. Besides, it helps pupils to develop a better apprehension of their ain organic structure parts and that of the human organic structure in general. It besides raises the profile of P.E within the constitution by doing the topic non merely interesting, but besides attractive and effectual. Furthermore, it brings enthusiasm and motive for both PE instructors and pupils.

ICT is besides really of import with respects to school administrative work. In fact, informations can easy be collected and shared for analytical intents, e.g. electronic records of public presentation of jocks. ICT besides promotes learning and larning within the school organisation by altering the nature of larning itself. Students are motivated and are able to hold on indispensable constructs that antecedently eluded them. By developing their abilities to believe in different ways pupils can choose and use accomplishments, tactics and thoughts, to measure and increase public presentation.

Furthermore, with the extract of ICT in PE, life-long acquisition can be supported through the aggregation of resources via the cyberspace. Harmonizing to Mike Rimmer, Head of Physical & A ; Social development at the Buttershaw upper school in Bradford: “ It ‘s the exhilaration of larning in a different manner. ”

In add-on, with ICT, students are able to acquire entree, select and construe a broad scope of information more easy. They are besides able to recognize forms, relationships and behaviors utilizing appropriate technological package. Furthermore, theoretical accounts, anticipations and even hypothesis can be made by pupils with the coming of ICT. Access to images of quality public presentations can be obtained through picture cinematography. Hence, pupils are able to reexamine their work and modify it to better the quality. Through ICT tools dependability, rating and truth of actions can besides be done. ICT farther provides a really dependable beginning of communicating among people within the administration. The usage of electronic mail, facsimile, facebook or even skype will enable speedy and direct communicating among P.E staffs and even pupils in other schools on fixtures, meetings and many other relevant affairs. Therefore, truth of information does non depend merely on the busy school secretary.

Throughout ICT tools, students can profit from immediate feedback to better their experimental and analysis accomplishments. As they familiarise with the package, they are able besides to indicate out the relevant points for positive technique. The chief advantage, nevertheless, remain the general betterment in the public presentation degree of the bulk of the students ‘ work, as they struggle their manner to look impressive particularly if their public presentation will be analysed on digital picture system.

There are many good options available to physical pedagogues in respects to engineering. Many of these engineerings are easy accessible and are easy incorporated into the course of study.

SOME TECHNOLOGICAL TOOLS

Pedometers

Thesiss setup besides called measure counters are mechanical detectors used to number stairss and can easy be incorporated in PE categories. They address motive, appraisal, and protagonism. Furthermore, they are portable and can be worn under the belt and be kept the whole twenty-four hours. Today, it can be said that the pedometer has become a recognized acceptable tool for mensurating physical activity. Students can have on a pedometer and have immediate and uninterrupted feedback sing their activity degree ( Beighle, Pangrazi, Vincent, 2001 ) . Using pedometers at school can besides show to parents that pupils are accomplishing a certain degree of physical activity. By utilizing the pedometers pupils will be able to see progress towards set end and accordingly will be more motivated in the categories.

Heart Rate Proctors

Based wholly on the pupil ability degree and current degree of fittingness, the bosom rate proctor makes larning more pupil centered. It besides provides immediate feedback that can do pupils work harder ( Bian, Partridge, King, Andon, Boyer, 2007 ) . As fitness degree additions, pupil feel that their cardiovascular system is working and can put individualised end to work more efficaciously. The Heart rate proctor will besides supply existent clip informations that will let pupils to see how different exercisings and activities affect the bosom rate. Hence the bosom rate proctor is a convenient setup that allows pupils to utilize up to day of the month engineering ( Kirkwood, Manon 2002 ) . Charts of maximal bosom rate can be made for each pupil and path addition or lessening in their bosom rate.

Digital Video camera and ocular analysis package

The usage of the gesture analysis system will certainly heighten many countries of the physical instruction course of study both in research and instruction. Using digital picture camera has so simplified the aggregation of informations. These consequences can so be imported to transport out synergistic multimedia presentation to supply pupils with a better apprehension of the importance of interrupting accomplishments into constituents and the effects of elusive fluctuation in techniques ( Ladda, Keating, Adam, Toscana, 2004 ) . The ocular analysis package allows pupils to see captured motion and to analyze them. This peculiar engineering can assist instructors to command pupil ‘s advancement towards motor accomplishments ends ; supply feedback chances and measuring pupils larning ( Fiorentino and Castelli, 2005 ) .

Using digital picture camera to enter students ‘ public presentation in table tennis for illustration, can be a utile tool to assist pupils better their techniques. With the add-on of gesture analysis package, students have a professional supportive tool. For case during a preparation session, a ‘robot – niff ‘ , which is a particular technological tool that distribute ping pong balls at changing way and velocity, is used to confront a pupil. The P.E instructor can so utilize the Digital picture camera to analyze the actions more closely. This is done with a position to better the instruction and acquisition of table tennis. Digital picture cartridge holders were used hebdomadally to emphasize on proper and improper techniques and so the students were given the chance to measure their ain techniques and the technique of others via the ‘deja vu ‘ resource. In the Mauritanian context, some province colleges which are really working on a pilot undertaking set up by the ministry of instruction are showing campaigners for the Cambridge O degree Examination. Teachers involved in this undertaking will hold to do usage of picture cameras during the practical scrutiny to enter pupils ‘ public presentation and so direct them to Cambridge University. Each college involved in the pilot undertaking have already received a laptop, an overhead projector and its several screen. Digital picture cameras and internet connexion installations will shortly be available in these schools.

Simulation and Games

Games such as Dance, Dance revolution, Fx rhythms and Nintendo Wii Fit provide chances for pupils to be physically active and at the same time basking themselves.These games can besides be combined to other engineerings to heighten the experience ( Di Giorgio, 2004 ) . Refering the Nintendo Wii Fit, work outs are done on a little balanced board that gamers stand on. The participants receive instructions from screen and mime the stretching and musculus edifice exercisings. The Wii Fit tracking characteristic shows advancement utilizing the system. Therefore, it can be a valuable PE tool. However, instructors should non see bet oning system tantamount to traditional exercisings. It should be considered as a addendum and a non a replacing of traditional exercisings.

3.0 METHODOLOGY

Methodology refers to a systematic probe of an issue to roll up of import informations. When analysing informations, valuable grounds may be obtained by utilizing several indicators.A A study method seemed to be most appropriate instead than an Action research to us due to factors like clip restraints, cost of execution, high rate of absenteeism during 3rd term and unrealistic outlooks.

3.1 Sampling

The quality of an efficient study is non merely based on appropriate instrumentality but besides on a suited sampling scheme that has been selected. The choice of trying scheme was governed by the standard of suitableness. The pick for this scheme adopted were related to the ends of the survey- the clip restraints, the informations aggregation methods, and the methodological analysis. All these factors have been considered to guarantee cogency. The non-probability sample of 378 pupils of Form 4 was chosen for our study which satisfied the minimal sample of Form 4 pupils. The estimated entire population of Form 4 pupils was 19,179 which represent the figure of pupils sitting for SC this twelvemonth. We chose peculiarly Form 4 pupils because the study had to be carried out during term 3 and during this period Form 5 and 6 pupils normally shine by their high absence rates. Hence, 66 pupils of Form 4 were indiscriminately selected from 5 Form 4 categories in each school.

Pe instructors were besides targeted for our study to be meaningful. For a entire population of 325 PE Teachers, we selected a minimal sample of 176 harmonizing to the given package for trying computation. P.E. instructors who were selected to make full questionnaires were from several schools where members of our group work and PE pedagogues who are following Diploma, B Ed, M Ed and PGCE classs at the MIE.

3.2 METHODS AND TOOLS FOR DATA COLLECTION

The study has been based on quantitative observations. The methods and tools for informations aggregation were:

Survey questionnaires

Documentation

3.21SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRES

Two distinguishable study questionnaires were designed one for the pupils and the other 1 for P.E instructors in regard to the aims and sentiments on utilizing ICT to heighten P.E. The questionnaires included profile of the student/teacher, cognition in ICT, sentiments if ICT is integrated in P.E. A structured questionnaire was designed to cut down clip for make fulling questionnaire and simplify informations analysis.

3.22 Documentation

Our probe to derive needed information sing figure of P.E. instructors in Mauritius and approximative signifier 4 pupil ‘s population included audience of assorted records and statistics.

3.3 DATA COLLECTION STRATEGIES

The questionnaires were distributed in four secondary schools and two MITD schools that is in the six establishments where six members of our group work. Respected instructors in our group briefed respondents before replying questionnaires about our aims in the research. Record of figure of questionnaires being circulated was kept. As for instructors, questionnaires were distributed to PE instructors around the island.

3.4 SELECTED SCHOOL PROFILE

1. Three State colleges SSS, one from urban and two other from rural countries. One of them is a Girls college and two others are Boys College. 2. A private assorted college situated in an urban country. 3. Two MITD assorted Schools were chosen, one from rural and the other from urban country.

PE and IT installations available in about all selected schools: P.E. room/gymnasium, audio ocular room ( PowerPoint presentation and theory categories ) , Laptop, resort area. audio ocular room, Lecture theater ( PowerPoint presentation and theory categories ) , Laptop, resort area, Internet installations in the computing machine lab.

Students from different type of schools were selected for the study to look into pupils ‘ attitude in P.E. , to roll up different positions of utilizing IT in PE and to seek their positions on ICT integrating in P.E. from different types of schools and parts in order to run into our aims.

3.41QUESTIONNAIRE Design

The intent of the questionnaire:

To do a study on PE Teachers, and pupils ‘ questionnaire to seek their positions on the possibility of heightening P.E. categories with ICT.

To run into our aims and to be linked to the literature reappraisal.

The pupils questionnaires include three sections-

section1: Knowledge in ICT, section2: Physical instruction and subdivision 3 included inquiries associating P.E. to Technology.

Age-appropriate type of inquiries was included for assorted ability pupils like multiple pick inquiries. Different subdivisions were designed to mensurate cognition, attitude towards ICT integrating in PE, involvement in PE, degree of importance now given to PE, degree of IT literacy, willingness of pupils to follow ICT in PE for ego betterment and better acquisition, to seek students ‘ positions in utilizing ICT as a P.E. appraisal tool.

3.42 PILOTING THE QUESTIONNAIRE

A sample of 20 pupils was selected in Form 4 in two secondary schools in position of flying the questionnaire. We took feedback from pupils after completion of questionnaire in order to reframe equivocal inquiries.

3.43 QUESTIONNAIRES ADMINISTRATION

Permission was sought from Curates of several schools. Students ‘ confidentiality has been assured. The questionnaires were delivered during 2 back-to-back PE periods and collected at the terminal of category.

3.5 RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY

To guarantee cogency and dependability quantitative informations has been used. Probes were carried out from dependable beginnings to roll up relevant informations. The needed minimal sample of pupils and PE instructors were selected for cogency and all questionnaires were straight collected by Teachers concerned from our group therefore guaranting greater cogency and dependability.

3.6 DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

Information obtained through questionnaire was captured digitally utilizing an application developed in SPSS package. The information was verified, cleaned and validated before continuing to analysis. Data obtained was analyzed utilizing SPSS where necessary. Analysis comprised of categorical tabular arraies, spider graph, clustered pyramid, count of responses and cross tabular matters. Comparative analysis was besides made in regard to correlated variables and basic categorization standards. An EFA was besides carried out to hold a dependable comparing of the variables in the pupils ‘ questionnaire. Estimates were made wherever, required, harmonizing to recommended statistical processs. Consequences obtained were interpreted in relation to research findings in certifications.

4.0 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

This peculiar research on ICT heightening Physical Education has raised several pertinent inquiries. For our analysis we have focused on three cardinal inquiries that seem to be relevant in our Mauritanian context. To turn to the chief research inquiries in our undertaking, both pupils and instructors from the province, private and vocational establishments were targeted. As it can be seen through the undermentioned respondents profile ( Table 4.0.1 ) :

Table 4.0.1 Students Respondent Profile

Gender

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Male

231

61.1

61.1

61.1

Female

147

38.9

38.9

100.0

Entire

378

100.0

100.0

School type

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

State

194

51.3

51.3

51.3

Private

61

16.1

16.1

67.5

Vocational

123

32.5

32.5

100.0

Entire

378

100.0

100.0

Area

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Rural

193

51.1

51.1

51.1

Urban

185

48.9

48.9

100.0

Entire

378

100.0

100.0

Degree

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Poor

34

9.0

9.0

9.0

Average

140

37.0

37.0

46.0

Good

133

35.2

35.2

81.2

Excellent

71

18.8

18.8

100.0

Entire

378

100.0

100.0

Teachers Respondent Profile

School type

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Private

75

42.6

42.6

42.6

State

93

52.8

52.8

95.5

Vocational

8

4.5

4.5

100.0

Entire

176

100.0

100.0

Types of Students

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Mainstream

109

61.9

61.9

61.9

Prevoc

55

31.3

31.3

93.2

Vocational

12

6.8

6.8

100.0

Entire

176

100.0

100.0

From the pupil respondent profile:

Largely male pupils participated

Majority of pupils came from province colleges

Students were both from rural and urban countries

The responded degree of literacy were: norm and good

From the instructor respondent profile:

Most instructors who participated came from province colleges

The bulk of instructors who responded worked with mainstream pupils

4.1 Percepts of different school types in relation to motive through picture Filming

With the rapid development in engineering, and particularly its usage in heightening P.E, one of the chief aims that have been pointed out is to happen out whether utilizing technological tools in P.E is a motivative factor for pupils. Digital picture can efficaciously heighten P.E activities and is of all time more relevant today in footings of “ handiness, affordability, entree and comparative simplicityaˆ¦ ” ( Tearle & A ; Katene, in imperativeness ; Stratton & A ; Finch, 2001 ) . Using the picture camera in P.E harmonizing to research can be a valuable tool to actuate pupils to better their technique as it “ supply chances to give feedback, and make ideal state of affairs for appraisal of pupil acquisition ” ( Fiorentino and Castelli, 2005 ) . As advanced by Ladda, keating, Adams, Toscano ( 2004 ) pupils will be able to better their abilities as the “ consequences obtained can so be imported to interactive multimedia presentations to supply pupils with a better apprehension of the importance of interrupting accomplishments into constituents and the effects of elusive fluctuations in techniques. ” In relation to this, a Frequency Tabulation ( Table 4.1.1 ) was carried out at a preliminary phase, to hold an overview of the inclinations of pupils in Mauritius particularly when it comes to video cinematography as a motivation factor. As a consequence of it, the information obtained is represented visually on a spider graph ( Table 4.1.2 ) :

Table 4.1.1

Percepts of different school types in relation to motive through picture Filming

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Strongly Disagree

23

6.1

6.2

6.2

Disagree

26

6.9

7.0

13.1

No Opinion

46

12.2

12.3

25.5

Agree

144

38.1

38.6

64.1

Strongly Agree

134

35.4

35.9

100.0

Entire

373

98.7

100.0

Missing

System

5

1.3

Entire

378

100.0

Figure 4.1.2: Spider Graph stand foring perceptual experiences of different school types in relation to motive through picture Filming

Series1: All School Type ( State, Private, Vocational )

Through the graphical representation, it can be seen that the overall consequences tend to travel to the outer side of the spider hence demoing that the consequences ( Agreed 38.6 % & A ; Strongly agreed 35.9 % ) are favourable when it comes to video cinematography as a motivation factor for pupils. However, we want to look into what are those specific school types who either disagreed or strongly differ to this pertinent inquiry. To farther intensify our analysis, the different school types were so transverse tabbed with video cinematography as a motivation factor to hold a more expressed position of the inclinations towards this inquiry.

The Cross tabular matter indicates that most of the pupils who ‘strongly disagreed ‘ and ‘disagreed ‘ came from the vocational pupils of the M.I.T.D with 21.4 % against 9.4 % and 8.3 % from the province and private pupils severally.

Hypothesis testing:

H0: No association between perceptual experiences of different school types and motive through picture cinematography

H1: Association between perceptual experiences of different school types and motive through picture cinematography

From a qi square trial carried out, it was found out that I‡2 = 28.397, df= 8 and p & lt ; 0.005, therefore rejecting H0. It can be concluded that at 5 % degree of significance, there is an association between the two variables labelled school types and motive through picture cinematography. As there is a relationship and H1 has been accepted, another trial was carried out to happen out the strength of association between these two variables. The Cramer ‘s V trial was done and the consequence was 0.195. This represents a weak relationship between the two variables as the value is really close to 0.

Therefore, it can be said that in our Mauritanian educational set up, visual image package does non ever suit certain school environment and types of pupils. For illustration, refering the vocational establishment, there is by and large a deficiency of resources and the literacy degree of the pupils is rather low. This is why there response is much lower compared to province and private colleges. On the contrary, it is seen that the province and private colleges responded rather positively towards this issue as these pupils know that picture cinematography will bear a batch of importance in P.E categories in the hereafter. In add-on to that, pupils are besides cognizant that P.E topic will be examinable and that their practical public presentations will be recorded through the Digital Video and sent to Cambridge for moderateness.

4.2 Students AND TEACHERS PERCEPTIONS TOWARDS ICT TOOLS TO INCREASE PERFORMANCE

Our 2nd major research inquiry addresses whether ICT tools are likely to increase pupils public presentation. In developing an ICT civilization in P.E, pupils and chiefly instructors need to maintain up with understanding “ what acquisition means and what attacks are contributing to effectual acquisition in P.E ” ( Elbourn & A ; Cale, 2001 ) . Literature has besides shown how ICT tools can be used to heighten acquisition in P.E and particularly in increasing public presentation of pupils. And the primary ground for utilizing these sorts of ICT tools is to increase betterment in the public presentation degree of pupil as they try to look impressive particularly if their public presentations are recorded through the different technological tools. To picture the inclinations of this research inquiry, a general analysis was done through frequence tabular matter. The overall consequences were so demonstrated through a pie chart for both pupils and instructors ( Figure 4.2.1 and Figure 4.2.2 severally ) .

Figure 4.2.1 Figure4.2.2

The consequences positively illustrated that most of our targeted pupils and instructors are really much agreeable to the fact that ICT tools have a batch to make with public presentation of pupils with 38.1 % who agreed and 29.9 % who strongly agreed ( Figure 4.2.1: Students perceptual experiences ) and 63.6 % who agreed and 27.8 % who strongly agreed ( Figure 4.2.2: Teachers perceptual experiences ) .

A comparative analysis was farther done through cross tabular matters and displayed through clustered Pyramids to compare the inclinations of the different school types towards the use of ICT tools in increasing public presentation for both pupils and instructor. This is peculiarly of import to acquire a better reading of the inquiry for both parties.

Figure 4.2.3 Figure 4.2.4

From the consequences, it is interesting to observe from ( figure 4.2.3 and 4.2.4 ) that the tendency is more or less the same for both pupils and instructors in the different school types. It is besides deserving observing that from the 176 instructors ‘ positions, none gave a negative position on the subject for which it does non have in figure 4.2.4. In fact, the consequences are really much favorable with a upper limit of 61, 27 and 55 counts from the province, private and vocational pupils and 50, 57 and 5 counts from province, private and vocational instructors.

Hence it can be said that the research inquiry runs with what it has been said earlier about ICT tools -as a support linked to immediate feedback and in bettering pupils ‘ public presentation degree. Teachers besides are likely to welcome ICT tools as a manner to authorise themselves and besides in supplying dependable, accurate and tracked public presentation of pupils.

4.3 EXPLANATORY FACTOR ANALYSIS ON SPSS FOR STUDENTS PERCEPTIONS

Questions that were supposed to mensurate the same implicit in dimensions were selected for the factor analysis trial. The first tabular array is a correlativity matrix that will look into the relationship between the variables. The determiner is listed at the underside of the tabular array. From the findings of the undertaking the several determiner is 0.149 ( i.e. greater than 1 ten 10 -5 ) Hence it is concluded that correlativity exists between the variables and multicollinearity is non a job for these informations.

KMO Trial

The KMO value ( Kaiser – Meyer – Olkin ) is a step of trying adequateness. The KMO statistic varies between 0 and 1.The value should non be less than 0.5 otherwise this will connote that our sample size is non equal. From our analysis the KMO value was found to be 0.710. This means that the form of correlativity is quite compact and we expect at that degree that the factor analysis will give dependable consequences.

BARTLETT ‘S Trial OF SPHERICITY

This value should be less than 0.01 for the analysis to be meaningful and important. For the intent of our analysis the value was 0.00. Hence, there were relationships among the variables.

KMO and Bartlett ‘s Trial

Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin Measure of Sampling Adequacy. ( KMO )

.710

Bartlett ‘s Test of Sphericity

Approx. Chi-Square

622.440

df

153

Sig.

.000

Rotated Component Matrix

Component

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Agree to utilize Technological tools to make appraisal and rating

.706

Agree if instructors use Technological tools to make P.E

.658

ICT tools will increase public presentation

.583

Integration of ICT in P.E

-.536

Using ICT to raise criterion of P.E

Presence of Technology

.769

Changes brought in Education

.658

Role of Technology in Society

Importance of utilizing latest Technology in P.E

-.760

Use of Technology to do category more interesting

Using ICT to develop cooperation and independency

.811

Impact of Technology in Education system

.578

Using ICT to hike up engagement

Well versed in ICT

-.764

Use of ICT in some topics

.583

Effective communicating with P.E instructors and friends

-.700

Use of Technological tools in P.E

.678

More attending given to Technological Tools instead than accomplishments and techniques

.831

After analysis of the above tabular array the undermentioned building was possible:

COMPONENT 1

THE POSITIVE INFLUENCE OF ICT ON PE TEACHING STRATEGY

Students accept that technological tools will be a valuable plus that PE instructors can utilize to heighten their involvement in categories. These pupils besides believe that during their assessment technological tools will be advantageous to them.

COMPONENT 2

POSITIVE IMPACT OF ICT IN ALL MAURITIAN SECTORS

Students believe that ICT does non merely act upon the educational field but besides other domains of life.

COMPONENT 4

ENHANCING Teamwork

The perceptual experience of Student is that in school ICT will assist them to develop their ability to work in squad.

Note: No decisions were provided for constituents 3, 5, 6, 7 because they were unable to be categorized and moreover some coefficients were negative.

5.0 Decision

It can be deduced from our analysis that

6.0 RECOMMENDATIONS

Proper preparation should be provided to instructors and pupils in relation to the usage of ICT tools through workshops, seminars or other classs.

Specific equipments like digital picture camera and ocular analysis package should be provided to the P.E section in all school.

Such equipments are dearly-won. So the P.T.A and other patrons must lend to raise financess to purchase such equipments.

Internet installations should be given to both instructors and pupils for good communicating between sections, between instructors and pupils to raise criterions of P.E, and besides entree to modern up to day of the month engineerings related to regulations and ordinances of athleticss.

Heart rate proctors and pedometers are utile setup which are straight related to the wellness conditions of pupils. These instruments represent a beginning of motive as pupils can look into their ain public presentation. Digital multi exercisings allow pupils to pattern their weight preparation safely in the gym particularly during showery yearss at school.

Internet is a rich beginning to make pupils and exchange meaningful information via electronic mail, face book and newssheet.Lesson plans can be given to pupils via on line for better assimilation of constructs. Students should be authorized to utilize their nomadic phones with camera options to see their ain or others ‘ public presentations while executing a peculiar accomplishment.

Each zone should be provided with specialized equipments to cipher the maximal volume of O [ VO2 soap ] , that a pupil can devour during an endurance activity. This is really of import for those jocks who represent schools or inter-colleges competitions.

This exercising will give an indicant to all PE sections in general of the advancement made by our students or participants. Students taking portion for the Sc should be given the possibility of utilizing these installations and this should be extended to other schools every bit good. For illustration, in primary schools and particular educational-need establishments.

Therefore, we can see how valuable this digital picture camera in instruction and acquisition of P.E. is. This can farther heighten our cognitive sphere every bit good as our psychomotor accomplishments. Furthermore, pupils will non drop this topic in Form IV as they do for other strictly academic topics. In fact, they will be more likely to take this topic as they will be assessed for ‘playing ‘ and making exercisings.