Maltese Educational System Examination System

The 1924 Compulsory Attendance Act prescribed school attending until the age of 12. In 1946, primary schooling was made compulsory to all Maltese kids between the ages of four and 14. The theoretical account which was adopted was really similar to that of the British due to Malta ‘s colonial yesteryear ( Sultana, R. G. , 1999 ) . In 1970, secondary instruction for all was introduced. Until this twelvemonth, pupils wishing to prosecute their surveies after primary schooling had to go through the 11+ scrutiny or enrol at a private school or church school. In 1972, this scrutiny was abolished and all students proceeded from their local primary school to a secondary school in their country. Still, church schools still continued to keep an 11+ scrutiny for new pupils into their secondary school ( Bezzina, C. & A ; Grima, G. , 2007 ) .

In 1974, the school go forthing age was raised to sixteen old ages. Secondary schooling was based on the British tripartite theoretical account dwelling of junior secondary schools ( set up in 1981 ) , country secondary schools and trade schools ( put up in 1972 ) . In 1981, the junior secondary school entryway scrutiny was introduced at primary degree. The pupils who pass this scrutiny can continue to a junior secondary school whereas those who fail the scrutiny proceed to an country secondary school ( Bezzina, C. & A ; Grima, G. , 2007 ) .

At the age of 16, all pupils have the right to sit for the SEC scrutinies. Students who want to prosecute their surveies further can follow a biennial post-secondary class, at the terminal of which they sit for the 18+ Matriculation Certificate Exams. Successful campaigners can choose to travel on to University or MCAST. ( Cutajar, M. , 2007 )

In 1999, the National Minimum Curriculum was introduced and is presently being implemented in schools.

1.1.2: The Current Educational System in Malta

The educational reform which is taking topographic point at the minute spans over six old ages. It started in the scholastic twelvemonth 2008/2009 and is intended to be wholly functional by 2013/2014. Its chief focal point is assessment. ( Grima et al. , 2008a ) .

By 2014, pupils in twelvemonth 4 will continue to twelvemonth 5 in assorted ability groups, and hence no cyclosis will take topographic point. A national scrutiny in Maltese, English and Mathematics will be set in the concluding twelvemonth of primary instruction which will replace the 11+ scrutiny. Furthermore, an oral-aural scrutiny will be introduced in both Maltese and English. In all the staying topics, such as Religion and Social Studies, a school-based appraisal will take topographic point. This will allow pupils to continue to Secondary Education without choice. External monitoring will be introduced. Engagement in international proving programmes such as PIRLS, TIMSS, and PISA will be provided. ( Grima et al. , 2008b ) .

The Year 6 concluding scrutiny will be offered to Church and Independent schools every bit good. These schools will be besides offered the above mentioned steps, including all preparation and support services. ( Grima et al. , 2008a ) .

1.2: The SEC Examination

1.2.1 The development of Malta ‘s scrutiny system

The Malta Matriculation certification remained compulsory for admittance to University up to the center of the fiftiess. They were than phased out when the British scrutiny system adopted the General Certificate of Education ( GCE ) . ( Sultana, R. G. , 1999 ) . In the 1980s, a reform took topographic point in the UK, where the GCE scrutiny was merged with the Certificate of Secondary Education, ensuing in the debut of the General Certificate of Secondary Education ( GCSE ) . The GCSE introduced coursework and instructor appraisal. After analyzing this new system of scrutinies, the Maltese Department of Education decided non to follow the GCSE, but still made usage of the GCE. ( Falzon, J. & A ; Zahra, F. , 2003 ) .

This is when Malta felt the demand to develop its ain scrutiny system. The Matriculation and Secondary Education Certificate ( MATSEC ) Examinations Board was established in 1991 to replace the British GCEs at both Ordinary and Advanced Levels. ( Sultana, R. G. , 1999 ) . As mentioned by the MATSEC Review Committee ( 2005 ) , the MATSEC scrutiny system was implemented in two stages. The Secondary Education Certificate Examination ( SEC ) and the Matriculation Certificate ( MC ) were introduced in 1994 and 1997 severally. The SEC was to replace the GCE ‘O degrees ‘ , and the MC was to replace the ‘A degrees ‘ , both offered by the British scrutiny boards. The British scrutiny GCE scrutinies could still be taken as an option ( Sultana, R. G. , 1998 ) . Harmonizing to Ventura and Murphy ( 1998 ) , “ the puting up of the new system was basically a declaration of independency from English GCE scrutiny boards whose course of studies had practically controlled the secondary school course of study since 1951 ” ( page 48-49 ) .

1.2.2 The new scrutiny system

The SEC scrutinies were developed for pupils at the terminal of compulsory schooling at age 16. ( Falzon, J. & A ; Zahra, F. , 2003 ) . Harmonizing to the SEC information brochure, the SEC course of study and appraisal had two chief aims, foremost to be “ appropriate for a broad ability scope ” and secondly to “ continue existing criterions for the more academically able campaigners ” . The cardinal rule of the SEC scrutiny is to honor campaigners “ based on what they know, understand and are able to bring forth ” ( as cited in the MATSEC Review Committee, 2005, pg. 6 ) .

The SEC was intended to attest all those pupils who completed the five-year secondary schooling, non merely to give entree to post-secondary schooling. This meant that the new SEC scrutinies catered for about 80 % of the entire figure of pupils in each age cohort and non merely for approximately 20 % , as used to happen with the GCEs. The SEC included classs runing between 1 and 7. The higher classs ( 1-5 ) are necessary for pupils wishing to prosecute their surveies further in a post-secondary establishment. ( Sultana, R. G. , 1999 ) .

1.2.3 Structure of Examination Papers

In the SEC system, each topic consists of two two-hour documents. Paper I is a core paper and is common to all campaigners. In most instances, it includes coursework or an aural/practical constituent. Campaigners are given a pick for Paper II. Paper IIA is more demanding and contains more ambitious inquiries than Paper I, whilst Paper IIB is less demanding and contains less disputing inquiries than Paper I. Campaigners who opt for Paper IIA can acquire classs runing from 1 to 5 or stay unclassified ( U ) . Those choosing for Paper IIB can acquire classs runing from 4 to 7 or stay unclassified ( U ) . Grades 1-5 are required for admittance in classs at post-secondary degree, whilst grades 6 and 7 are merely considered valid for admittance to a limited figure of classs or employment chances. ( Falzon, J. , Grima, G. & A ; Zahra, F. , 2003 ) .

1.3: Mathematicss SEC Examinations

1.3.1: Mathematicss SEC Documents

The Mathematics SEC scrutiny, like all the other topics, consists of two documents ( Paper I and Paper II ) each of two hours continuance. Each of these documents weighs 50 % of the concluding grade. Paper I is mandatory, and covers the Core Syllabus content merely. It consists of two documents – the mental paper and the nucleus paper. In the mental paper, the usage of reckoners and and/or protractors is non allowed. The mental paper carries 10 % of the concluding grade of Paper I. In Paper II, campaigners are given a pick between Paper IIA and Paper IIB ( Cardona, J.P. , 2009 ) . Harmonizing to Chetcuti & A ; Ventura ( 1999 ) , one would anticipate high winners and low winners to sit for Paper IIA and Paper IIB severally.

1.3.2: Mathematicss SEC Syllabus

The Mathematics SEC course of study is divided into four chief countries, being:

Number

Algebra

Shape, Space & A ; Measures

Datas Managing

Campaigners choosing for Paper IIA need to cover both the Core content and the Extension content of the course of study, whilst those taking Paper IIB need to cover merely the Core content.

The overall weighting ( A±5 % ) for each of the chief constituents of the course of study of 2006 and 2007 is shown below:

Number

Algebra

Shape, Space & A ; Measures

Datas Managing

Core Paper & A ; Paper IIA

30 %

35 %

25 %

10 %

Core Paper & A ; Paper IIB

40 %

20 %

25 %

15 %

( SEC Syllabus 2006-2007 Mathematicss )

The overall weighting ( A±5 % ) for each of the chief constituents of the course of study of 2008 and 2009 is shown below:

Number

Algebra

Shape, Space & A ; Measures

Datas Managing

Core Paper & A ; Paper IIA

25 %

35 %

30 %

10 %

Core Paper & A ; Paper IIB

35 %

20 %

35 %

10 %

( SEC Syllabus 2008 Mathematics, SEC Syllabus 2009 Mathematics )

1.3.2.1 Changes in the course of study

Number

In the Core content of the 2006/2007 course of study, campaigners needed to be able to change over from one currency to another ( e.g. alteration from Maltese Liri to Euro and vice-versa ) . In the 2008/2009 course of study, this illustration was modified to alter from Euro to other currencies and vice-versa. Campaigners besides needed to be able to work out jobs on personal and family finance, affecting net incomes. In the 2008/2009 course of study an illustration of stocks was mentioned here.

Algebra

In the Extension content of the 2008/2009 course of study, utilizing map notation ( e.g. degree Fahrenheit ( x ) =3x+5 ) was added.

Shape, Space & A ; Measures

In the Core content of the 2006/2007 course of study, when ciphering the amount of the interior angles of a polygon with n sides, campaigners needed to utilize a expression such as ( 2n-4 ) x 90A° . In the 2008/2009 syllabus the expression ( n-2 ) x 180A° was added.

Find the surface country of a pyramid was changed to happen the surface country of a right pyramid in the 2008/2009 course of study. The same was done in the Extension content for the surface country and the volume of a cone, and for the volume of a pyramid.

In the 2008/2009 course of study, campaigners needed to understand the significance of the term secant. This was non mentioned in the 2006/2007 course of study.

Datas Managing

There was no alteration in the course of study.