Modifying Consumer Behaviour Sustainable Development Environmental Sciences Essay

The usage of plastic bags warrants attending in the sustainable ingestion argument, particularly when packaging histories for a important sum of the resources consumed and waste generated by our consumer life styles. Governments, retail merchants and makers are endeavoring to better sustainability public presentation by happening ways to cut down plastic bag usage.

The writers have done sufficient research in supplying a planetary position through attacks adopted by different states in cut downing their plastic usage. For illustration, India banned the usage of plastic bags while voluntary action is on the portion of consumers and the concern community to cut down plastic bag usage in the UK. Mentions obtained by the writers are believable and dependable as information was based on recent informations and reputable beginnings.

The writers besides present a balanced position of both advantages and disadvantages of plastics bags. They are energy efficient to bring forth, cost-efficient, convenient to hive away and easy to utilize. However, they have inauspicious impacts in footings of waste disposal and one important job is that plastic bags are non-biodegradable and take at least hundred old ages to break up. When they break down in size, they kill marine animate beings which mistake the plastic bags for nutrient and consume them ( Aldred, 2007 ) . Plastic bags clog drainage systems and make pollution where discarded plastic bags float in oceans. Large sums of money besides have to be spent on cleaning up the plastic bags and the amendss caused by them ( Russo, 2012 ) .

However, the claim that many states spend a significant sum on cleaning up the plastic bags and the amendss caused by them is non justified. In many instances, these claims are simply conjectures by advocators alternatively of informations based on existent surveies, and cost is frequently thrown in as a justification after prohibitions are enacted for political grounds ( … ) . Science besides does non back up the fact that plastic bags do any echt injury. Plastic bags end up making less harm than other options and the benefits that the bags offer far outweigh their cost. Independent surveies besides show that plastic bags are environmentally preferred to paper because plastic bags have a lighter environmental footmark than paper and when they are reused, they are preferred to the reclaimable plastic carryalls. In add-on, current plastic bags use 70 % less fictile than those of 20 old ages antecedently and account for less fuel to transport, fewer emanations than paper bags. Nevertheless, moderate reuse ; plastic carryalls made from polypropene are better for the environment even though plastic bags are a more environmentally friendly pick than paper bags and reclaimable carryalls.

Due to the detrimental environmental effects which plastic bags have, states like Taiwan banned the usage of plastics bags to cut down environmental issues such as litter and landfill. With a prohibition on plastic bags, financess would be redirected to substructures. Consumer demand displacement toward other options, making more chances for enterprisers to come up with options to plastic. Companies that industry reusable bags could besides spread out their merchandise lines and make more occupations ( .. ) .

However, research by … revealed that forbiddance of plastic bags would take to an addition in paper bag production, ensuing in a greater sum of methane being released in landfill. Other research besides revealed that censoring plastic bags does non assist the environment as it increase C emanations and other environmental jobs. Research by Lane showed that even though most of the waste in landfill sites comes from packaging, plastic bags form merely a little fraction of the litter watercourse. They occupy lesser of the landfill infinite, taking to lesser nursery gases and pollution, as compared to wood and paper ( British Retail Consortium News, 2007 ) .

I agree with the writers ‘ premise that plastic-bag prohibitions would non take to a long-run solution in salvaging the environment. The usage of stuffs and energy should non be restricted where merely unneeded usage of plastic bags is avoided. Alternatively, there should be a sustainable usage of everything which includes the support of public consciousness and motive to cut down, reuse and recycle ( 3Rs ) to decide environmental jobs. Therefore, some states like UK do non back up an straight-out prohibition on plastic and seek other possible options such as reclaimable carryalls or paper bags or holding a revenue enhancement imposed on plastic bags. Prendergast et Al. ( 2001 ) found that consumers are more likely to recycle a paper bag an norm of 2.7 times whereas a plastic bag will be reused 1.6 times and retaining a paper bag over a fictile bag leads to increased re-usage. However, options such as reclaimable carryalls and paper bags have a worse consequence on the environment than plastic bags. Plastic bags require 40 per centum less energy than paper bags and that paper bag fabrication creates 70 per centum more air pollution and 50 per centum more H2O pollution ( … ) . Alternatives to plastic bags may non be practical because in many instances, attempts to increase bag recycling have shown minimum success to day of the month ( … ) . Furthermore, when authoritiess outlaw plastic bags to promote consumers to utilize other environmentally detrimental merchandises, more pollution is really created. There might besides be society and economic impacts on the less flush in footings of employment loss, due to cut down fictile bag fabrication

Another possible option which the writers did non see could be the recycling of plastic bags in recycling centres where plastic is melt and polymers are reused to rugs or apparels. However, plastic recycling has proven to be hard to treat automatically as plastic bags are made of polythene where it is frequently labour intensive and cost intensive to screen fictile waste.

A cardinal premise made by the writers is that plastic bags prohibitions are good for the environment.

Therefore, the issue of censoring plastic bags still remain a contention as many variables are at drama and the procedure of altering consumer behavior in relation to plastic bag usage can be a complex 1. There are different positions as to how such ingestion should be modified. For states such as Bangladesh and India, deluging and public wellness concerns resulted in the usage of statute law to censor the usage of plastic bags. Plastic bag prohibitions can forestall deluging in urban countries and human wellness jobs. In the UK, voluntary action is on the portion of consumers and the concern community to cut down plastic bag usage. Consumers are urged to cut down their usage of plastic bags while makers and retail merchants are expected to present steps to promote consumers to move responsibly. Other states like Italy, Ireland and Denmark prefer to enforce revenue enhancement to promote consumers to cut down plastic bag usage and revenue enhancements collected can assist raise gross for farther environmental betterment.

To reason, the usage of plastic bags have a great impact on sustainable ingestion and altering consumer behaviour through voluntary action, statute law censoring the usage of plastic bags, or taxing their usage can do an effectual part to a more sustainable hereafter.