The Significant Differences Between Romania And Uk Education Essay

This instance of survey will supply a deep apprehension about the people, civilization, life style and conditions differences between Romania and UK. The purpose of this survey is to convey a utile stuff for our Rumanian client, EDMUNDO, in order to present cherished information to all the Rumanian pupils who wish to come to UK to heighten their surveies in different countries of topic and to develop accomplishments for their calling.

In the first portion of the survey, we will utilize Geert Hofstedes cultural dimension theory to draw out the chief cultural differences between Romania and UK. Hofstedes cultural dimension theory is a really efficient tool to separate the chief features of national or regional cultural bearings, which can impact the behaviour of a certain group or organisation.

During the 2nd portion, we will concentrate on the macro environment factors such as political, economical, societal and technological, forasmuch these can hold important affect on Rumanian pupils lifestyle in the UK.

Finally, in the last portion we have provided some utile recommendations for the pupils ‘ cognition prior to their coming in the UK for their surveies.

We believe that pupils from all over the universe demand counsel in their calling, so it is critical for us to assist and supply effectual and utile information for the organisations like, EDMUNDO, which mediates in offering great chances to those pupils.

Footings of Mention

Who are we?

We are Educational Cross-Culture Consultant Team portion of British Council in United Kingdom. We have 19 old ages of experience in educational cross-culture, assisting different Educational Institutions and Centres from over 80 states to roll up critical information about analyzing and populating in UK.

Who is our client?

Our client is an educational Centre from Romania, EDMUNDO, whose chief activity is to supply information, advice, support and fiscal solution for Rumanian pupils, who wishes to analyze in higher educational establishments in west European states.

What our client asked us to make?

Because our client have n’t had so far any sort of relation with UK, now they are truly interested in detecting the UK ‘s educational establishments system, lifestyle, people and the environment, in order to supply helpful information for their pupils who intend to use particularly for UK ‘s higher educational establishments. So we are traveling to supply them all the utile information that a possible pupil should hold to cognize approximately United Kingdom, prior to their coming in here.

Overview of current state of affairs

With this globalisation, everybody is likely to work with different nationalities or survey and live in different states. Therefore it is of import to understand and acknowledge people from different civilizations who have different ways of looking at things, such as dressing and showing their personality and feeling. Romania and United Kingdom are two different states, with different history, different people, but however, the difference is what truly makes the universe to be so diversified, and to happen similarities between people of different civilization, faith and nationality is a great manner to remain connected with the remainder of the universe. But after all “ diverseness exists both within and among the civilizations ” ( Nancy 1997, p. 17 ) .

Analysis of the current state of affairs

Hofstede ‘s Intercultural dimensions

For the beginning, we are traveling to separate the major cultural differences between Romania and United Kingdom by utilizing Hofstede ‘s four intercultural dimensions ( four – because there have n’t been done relevant surveies on Long term orientation for Romania ) and so we are traveling to exemplify if British Culture have Power Distance ; if they are individualistic society ; if they embrace hazards ; if they are gender oriented society. Hofstede ( 2001, p. 24 ) said that “ the comparing of civilizations presupposes that there is something to be compared – that each civilization is non so alone that any parallel with another civilization is nonmeaningful ” .

Figure nr.

Beginning: Hofstede, [ 2008 ] The SD Model of professor Geert Hofstede, Available, [ 2009, 26 Nov ]

Power distance index:

The extent to which the less powerful members of the society accept/expect that power is distributed unevenly is much higher in Romania ( 90 ) than in UK ( 35 ) . Why there is such a large difference?

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Superior ranked people/authority dainties with respect their subsidiaries

Superior ranked people/authority tends to openly show their rank.

Tutor/teacher frequently tends to socialise with the pupil.

The relationship between tutor/teacher and pupil is distant and impersonal.

Society is more equal.

Within a society, category division is accepted.

Mistakes made by the subsidiaries are frequently accepted by the directors due to their duty to pull off.

When the things are traveling incorrect, the incrimination is expected to be taken by the subsidiaries.


Rumanians tend to be more collectivized persons ( 30 ) , whereas British people more individualistic ( 89 ) .

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“ I ” is more of import for a individual ‘s individuality

“ We ” is more of import for a individual ‘s individuality.

Individuality is encouraged

The forfeit of single demand for the interest of the group needs.

Persons make determinations, irrespective others sentiments

Rules and determinations are made within the group members.


The maleness index shows that between UK and Romania there no large difference ( 66 vs. 42 ) . But still in UK males tend to be dominant in society and power construction.

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Work force and adult females should hold different functions within a society

Work force and adult females should hold equal rights and places in society.

Conflicts are solved by aggressive agencies

Conflicts are solved by dialogue.

Accomplishment, money and calling are the most of import for a work forces ‘s life

Family, relationship and quality of life are the most of import in life for a adult male.

Uncertainty turning away index:

For UAI dimension, Romania ( 90 ) has higher index than UK ( 35 ) . It means that in UK, the society is less concerned about uncertainness and ambiguity and tends to digest experimentation and assortment.

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Because of in-migration, the population is varied.

Populations in Romania is non to multicultural.

Decision means hazard

Hazards are normally avoided in determination devising procedure

Normally inventions and experiments are tolerated and even encouraged

Concepts and advanced thoughts are hard to be embraced.

Power distance – the mark reveals that inequalities, rank and position between people are preponderantly low for British people. There are different ways of statute law to protect cultural minorities on macro degree, and on micro degree, the relationships between the coachs and pupils are insouciant and involves small ceremonial.

Individualism – Nancy J. A ( 1997, p. 25 ) noted that “ British people are individualistic ; they use personal features and accomplishments to specify themselves, and they value single public assistance over that of the group ” . On macro degree, the prevailing signifier of societal construction in UK in the atomic household. On micro degree, in different environment, persons tend to be more concerned of themselves instead than the group.

Uncertainty turning away – By uncertainness turning away we understand that British people embracings alterations and taking hazards. On macro degree, there are often alterations and alterations in Torahs and authoritiess constructions. On micro degree, any new thoughts and even dissensions between pupils and coach can be considered utile.

Masculinity – British society is considered for equality between sexes, yet still exists in some portion of society a certain sum of gender prejudice, where males are “ addicted to old male child web ” ( Guirdham, pp. 558-28 ) .


Macro environment factors can be considered every bit holding as much importance as the civilization, due to its impact on day-to-day footing activity for pupils.

Plague analysis is the best tool to uncover these macro environments factors for a certain state. It ‘s of existent usage to cognize about the political, economical, socio-cultural, technological, as these can be different from the state the pupil is coming from.


UK is a constitutional monarchy state. They have an established sovereign, which presently is Queen Elizabeth II with limited powers and impartial political positions. The Government or the Executive runs the state, with the duty for developing and implementing Torahs and policies. The caput of the Government, the Prime Minister Gordon Brown, appoints curates, the Cabinet and the people who work in a authorities section.

There is a diplomatic relation between Romania and UK since 20th February 1880, two old ages after Romania gained its Independence, and since 2003 there has been established a Strategic Partnership.

Education is a higher concern for British authorities. It is in duty of “ Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families ” and “ Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills ” ; the disposal and support of province educational establishments are in the duty of Local Authorities. Some of the top universities like University of Oxford, University of Cambridge, Imperial College of London are in UK and they are ranked among top 10 universities in the universe.

The authorities encourages all adolescents to go to all degrees of instruction, by supplying loans, substructure, proficient, physical and emotional support. These encouragements are applied for both place and foreign pupils.

Students from Romania have the same rights as place pupils. First of wholly, there is no demand of pupil visa or a limited period of clip to remain and populate in the UK and secondly, the tuition fees are the same as for place pupils.

Equally far as the work license policy there are some limitations for EU and international pupils. They are allowed to work 20 hours per hebdomad during their term period, and a full clip agenda during vacations or when the class meets certain full clip work demands. For Rumanian and Bulgarian pupils at that place has to be issued a work license card called “ Yellow Card ” which gives them the equal rights to work as the other pupils. This “ Yellow card ” is issued by the Home Office within six hebdomads.

The National Insurance Number, without which the EU/International pupils can non work, is provided by HM Revenue and Customs section and it ‘s utile to acquire certain benefits in instance of demand, and to acquire a province pension. Unlike British pupils, Rumanian pupils have to book an assignment at one of the Job Centre Plus in order to obtain the NIN.

As an employment policy, British authorities has a flexible and unfastened attack to pull extremely skilled workers. In every British company at that place has to be a figure of foreign or different cultural background employees, in harmony with state ‘s racial issue regulations. So it is encouraged the employment of foreign graduate pupils, which is a great chance for any alumnus to see what they have learnt during their surveies in a great state like UK.


By GDP ( growing domestic merchandise ) , United Kingdom ‘s economic system is the 5th largest economic system in the universe, and the 6th largest by PPP ( buying power para ) , estimated to be $ 2.279 trillion. In Europe, UK is the 2nd largest economic system after Germany,

The rising prices in UK is low, unlike other EU states. In October 2009, the CPI one-year rising prices was 1.5 % , the Governments mark for 2009. The unemployment rate rose by 0.1 % in the last twelvemonth, making 7.8 % ( 2.46 million ) of the population work force.

When it comes to higher educational establishments, to pay the tuition fees is one of the biggest issues faced by the pupils. There are a batch of encouragements for both place and EU pupils, particularly in footings of fiscal support. The British authorities encourages and supports all the adolescents to go on their surveies in order to obtain higher grades like Bachelor, Masters and PhD.

Annually, they are offering immense financess to prolong pupils to follow their calling and to develop themselves. About 50 % of the college pupils are having economic aid from beginnings different from their households. In signifiers or scholarships, grants and loans, everybody can accomplish a higher instruction degree even if their budget does to let making so.

For undergraduate full clip classs, British pupils are granted with fiscal support up to ?2906 for tuition fees, without paying it back, and up to ?4950 for life disbursals. For Master grade or PhD, they can apple for a Career Development Loan with particular involvement rates. Unlike British pupils, Rumanian pupils benefit of the British Government pupil loan, but they have to refund it back either in 10 old ages with an involvement which is equal rising prices rate, or when they will gain rewards more than ?1250/month or ?288/week. If they will gain less than the thresholds that applies for them, than they will ne’er hold to pay it back.

Annually British universities inject immense sums of resources into research, development, larning installations, adjustment in order to offer for the pupils the best environment for their surveies.

Students are treated different from the remainder of the people in the UK. They are granted price reductions at the most of the shopping shops, transit, party nines, fittingness nines and film.


British people are sort and hospitable people. That ‘s the ground why in United kingdom there are concentrated so many different civilizations. UK is a great state to populate and analyze in because the population is formed of different nationalities and cultural backgrounds. In 2008 nose count, in the UK the population was 61.4 million people. The cultural groups are formed of 92 % white race, 2 % black, 1.8 % Indian, 1.3 % Pakistan, 0.4 % Chinese and 0.4 Other Asians.

The linguistic communication is British English, in beginning a West Germanic linguistic communication descended from Old English with some adoption from Gallic, Latin and Old Norse. Nowadays, English is the international concern linguistic communication, and in many states it ‘s the most taught 2nd linguistic communication. Beside this, due to the large figure of cultural communities, there are spoken many other linguistic communications like Hindi ( Indian ) , Urdu ( Pakistan ) , Chinese, Polish, etc.

For Rumanian pupils it ‘s a great environment to populate and analyze in, because of this assorted civilization they will habituate in a short period of clip. Some of them will fall in their compatriots and some others will blend among their new international friends. It ‘s a great topographic point to do new friends, learn new civilizations and linguistic communications, taste new dishes and so many other interesting activities to portion. Most of the universities offer for their pupils the possibility to fall in sport squads and pattern their favorite athleticss at one of the spouse athleticss Centres. UK is good known for their diverseness in athleticss: football, cricket, tennis, golf, rugger and horsemanship.

During their survey there are organized different societal activities among pupils, largely for socialising: doing new friends, trips to different topographic points and states, traditional eventide parties, disco parties, and they are given possibility to make groups and communities like Indian community, Pakistan community.

Christian religion is the chief faith in United Kingdom. After the 2001 nose count, 71.6 % of the interrogated population said they are Christian, 15.1 % they have no faith, 2.8 % Islam, 1.0 % Hinduism, 0.5 % Judaism and 0.3 % Buddhism. Romanians are most Christian Orthodox, but decidedly there will be no jobs sing the faith in the UK.

Wherever you go, you will be able to happen churches, chapels, cathedrals, chapels of easiness, mosque, temples and temples. There are important Numberss of schools and universities which had been founded as religion schools and bear Christian names like St. Mary, St. John. So faith has strong connexion with instruction in the UK.

The wellness insurance for the both place and EU pupils is free during their survey period. They merely have to finish the HC1 signifier and direct it to UK Health Department along with the needed certification. A batch of medical disbursals can be claimed with the HC1 signifier.


United Kingdom is one of the most advanced states in engineering. Most of the people have entree to different sort of engineering like orbiter overseas telegram system, high cyberspace connexion and telecommunication. All the universities are good equipped with engineering. In every university there are available for pupils 1000s of personal computing machines, high cyberspace connexion within the university country, projectors in every schoolroom and societal acquisition countries, particular equipment for specialised classs like Media, Arts and Computer Science.

The substructure in UK is extremely developed. The transit system is one of the most sophisticated in the universe. Across the UK there is a 46904 kilometer of radial route web, with 3497 kilometer of expressway web. The rail web covers 16116 kilometer guaranting connexion with all the small towns and metropoliss across UK. Heathrow Airport is the UK ‘s biggest international airdrome and has de most international rider traffic of any airdrome worldwide. From Rumanian there are direct flights with air companies like Wizzair, Blue Air, British Airways geting in major airdromes like Stansted, Luton, Manchester, etc.

For the pupils coming from Romania, the transit system in the UK will be different. They have to drive on the left side of the route. It can be truly confounding for them because they are coming from right side driving state ; for traversing the street they have to look foremost on your right side instead than the left, and if they ‘re driving they have to be truly careful. In instance of sing the business district of major metropoliss with a auto, everybody has to pay a certain sum of money. This step is to forestall traffic jams and pollution in the same clip.

British “ Double Dekker ” coachs are celebrated in the universe. If you are traveling to see metropoliss like London, Manchester, Leeds you will surely hold the pleasance to hold a trip with these celebrated coachs.

Students are granted price reductions for all chief of transit: coachs, ropewaies and tracks. In UK transit is executable. At every station there are agendas for coachs, ropewaies and trains.

Solutions and recommendations

Comparing Romania and UK by cultural background every bit good on PEST analysis point of positions there can be highlighted some differences that have been discussed during the survey instance. Obviously, Romania is coming from 40 old ages of Communist government, but still the bulk of the population has managed to get the better of the passage period. Particularly for the childs, coming in the UK and life and analyzing here will non be a immense difference for them.

UK is known to be a really expensive state to populate in. The currency used in UK is Pound Sterling. It ‘s the most valuable pecuniary in the universe. As good London it ‘s the most expensive metropolis in the UK. Here the rent, the nutrient and transit is a spot higher than the other metropoliss.

For Rumanian pupils coming here to analyze, our recommendation would be to use for the pupil loan in order to cut down their costs of life ; and a university adjustment at least for the first twelvemonth. Than by cognizing and doing new friends they can portion together an flat in the metropolis where they are analyzing. Once they have a portion clip occupation, their income-expense history will be balanced.

In the UK the conditions is different from many other states. It can be a beautiful twenty-four hours but after merely twosome of hours it can be a showery rain. It rains often, the most of the yearss are dazed, and all the clip people feel the humidness. Rumanian pupils might happen it upseting till they ‘ll habituate with it, because in Romania, summers are cheery and beautiful. They need to hold rain coats and good umbrellas.

As good the transit system is different from the one in Romania. In UK you drive on the right side, unlike Romania, on the left. Rumanian pupils have to be cognizant of this, larn the traffic marks and be informed of all these before their reaching in the UK.

Because in the UK there are analyzing many pupils from all over the universe, Rumanian pupils have to be friendly, sociable and tolerant with the other communities. Romanians are really open-minded people, but in socialising with the foreign pupils, particularly from in-between East and Asia they have to be cognizant of their behavior in order non to pique or knock them unconsciously.

United kingdom is good known as being one the best beer manufacturers in the universe. British people enjoy holding merriment: they spend frequently their darks at saloons and disco nines. Sometimes some of them might devour alcohol more than necessary. Rumanian pupils have to be 100 % devoted to their surveies, and whenever they ‘re traveling out with friends be cognizant of their restrictions.

If there are jobs in their school or life, there is ever a section to help Rumanian pupils, and if it ‘s beyond they authority, they can easy turn to to one of the Rumanian consulates and even Rumanian Embassy in London.


We are certain that Rumanian pupils will bask their life in UK. British life style will accommodate them absolutely. They have the chance to use for one of the best universities in the universe and develop their accomplishments which will assist them in their hereafter callings. After all, Romania is an European state as UK, so there are many similarities in civilization, environment and people.

Our institute helped many other educational establishments from all over the universe to help the pupils and we can proudly talk that those pupils who came in the UK are absolutely accustomed with about everything that they have encountered.

We are certain that our relation will be a positive one, and together we will seek to make and develop a new chance for all the Rumanian pupils who wish to analyze in the UK.