Impact School Improvement Specialist Coaches Programme to Teachers

Education is seen as the footing in bring forthing high quality human capital towards accomplishing a states vision. In order to bring forth first-class human resources, comprehensive and practical schemes are needed. By undertaking and beef uping the instruction system of a state, it will subsequently bring forth good equipt pupils who subsequently contribute to the development of the state by working fruitfully.

Malaya is facing deficit of extremely skilled human resources. Cecilia Kok in her article ‘Tackling Human Resource Issues ‘ mentioned, harmonizing to World Bank ‘s old study, merely one one-fourth of Malaysia ‘s work force is considered to be extremely skilled. The bulk of Malaysia ‘s work force ( around 75 % ) has low accomplishments, clearly bespeaking that most Malaysians have non been adequately equipped to manage high-value work ( 2010 ) . This is really much influenced by failings in the instruction system. Harmonizing to Melissa Norman, the pull offing manager of Kelly Services Sdn Bhd,

”The turning mismatch between the supply of accomplishments and the demands of assorted industries in the local market is a contemplation of the insufficiency of the state ‘s instruction system in bring forthing the relevant human capital that can drive the state ‘s economic system in this globalised, new universe order, ” ( 2010 ) .

Her position is subsequently strongly supported by Prof Dr Edmund Terence Gomez of University Malaya who revealed that, instruction is surely an of import component in human capital formation ( 2010 ) . In order to bring forth good equipt human capital, the molding procedure starts from school where the pupils learn general accomplishments needed in services-sector goaded economic system ( Kok, 2010 ) . Therefore, pupils ‘ development academically and practically throughout their school old ages is really of import. It is measured based on pupils ‘ public presentation during tests every bit good as other signifier of appraisals utilized by the school. The increasing or worsening of pupils ‘ public presentation, picture their future prospective.

Teachers ‘ public presentation in school is one of the major factors lead to the increasing or worsening of pupils ‘ public presentation. This position is strongly supported by Drum sanders and Rivers in their survey entitled, ‘Cumulative and Residual Effects of Teachers on Future Student Academic Achievement ‘ . They summarised that ;

“ … as instructor effectivity additions, lower achieving pupils are the first to profit. The top quintile of instructors facilitate appropriate to first-class additions for pupils of all accomplishment degrees ” ( 1996 ) .

Therefore, it is of import to Polish instructors ‘ pedagogical attack to guarantee the success of content bringing in schoolroom. Consequently, pupils will grok the content to the extreme apprehension and subsequently will be able to use what have been learned to the existent life state of affairss such as their on the job life.

Beginning: Sanders & A ; Rivers Cumulative and Residual Effects on Future Student Academic Achievement ; How the Best Performing School System Come out on Top ( McKinsey & A ; Co )

Background to the survey

The authorities lead by Datuk Seri Najib Tun Abdul Razak has set Government Transformation Program ( GTP ) to accomplish vision 2020 introduced by Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohammad. As one of the replacements of the vision 2020, Prime Minister, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Abdul Razak has come out with six NKRAs ( National Key Result Areas ) which is strongly linked to his vision 1 Malaysia, People First, Performance Now. Datuk Seri Najib mentioned that ‘KPI/KRA were non mere acronyms as they offered clear steps designed to guarantee that the authorities is continuously working to better function the demands of Malaysians ‘ ( 2009 ) . The Prime Minister outlined six precedences under NKRA ;

Reducing Crime

Contending Corruptness

Widening entree to quality and low-cost instruction

Raising living criterions of low income families

Bettering substructure in rural countries

Bettering urban public transmutation


As highlighted in figure 3 ; widening entree to quality and low-cost instruction it is intended to bring forthing extremely skilled human capital which is important in recognizing the state ‘s vision to be a good developed state in 2020. In comparing to other developed states like Singapore and United States, Malaysia has a long manner to accomplish similar degree due to shortage in quality of human capital.

Asiatic states such as the Republic of Korea and Singapore have propelled themselves into the group of developed states within a coevals as a consequence of precise, deliberate and purposeful prioritisation of focal point sectors for their economic systems, whilst concentrating on developing, upskilling and presenting the right endowment required to drive growing in these specific sectors.

( 10th Malaysia Plan, 2010 )

Harmonizing to a study by International Labour Organization in 2008, Malaysia possessed 28 % of skilled labour force ; consist of direction, professional and other skilled businesss, 23 % difference to the neighbour state Singapore with 51 % of skilled labour force. Malaysia ranked below OECD ( Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development ) norm per centum, 37.6 % . It is unrealistic to success economically, without a extremely skilled endowment base.

Therefore, there is a desperate demand to come out with schemes to polish Malayan accomplishments in work force hence better results will be produced. Datuk Seri Mohd Najib Bin Tun Abdul Razak, in his address for presenting the gesture to postpone the ten percent Malaysia Plan mentioned,

“ Competition for endowment has intensified, many states peculiarly developed states, have adopted comprehensive and unfastened policies in pulling the best endowment including Malaysians. A skilled and knowing work force is the cutting border of a state ‘s fight. In this respect, the Government will implement holistic steps to beef up instruction and developing systems, get downing from early childhood to third instruction. Aside from supplying the best instruction and learning substructure, the authorities will besides guarantee that the quality of instructors and pedagogues are of a high degree ” ( 2010 ) .

Following the statement, it is crystal clear that in order to bring forth extremely skilled work force, instruction dramas paramount function. This is where pupils ‘ results become cardinal. There is a great call for pedagogues specifically instructors in schools to model pupils to go good equipt endowment base. Teachers ‘ quality has a really important impact towards pupils ‘ results. Merely high acting instructors are able to bring forth increased pupils ‘ public presentation. Therefore, the Education NKRA is intended to supply a starting point to better pupil results across Malaysia ‘s school system by beef uping instructors ‘ quality.

One of the Education NKRA ‘s precedences is High Performance School ( HPS ) ; known as schools with ethos, and a alone individuality due to their singular accomplishments and public presentation. Students in these schools are endeavoring to stand out in all walks of life specifically instruction as a consequence of strong work civilizations and strong international webs ( NKRA, 2010 ) . It is established to raise the criterion of schools in Malaysia to be at par with the best schools all around the universe.

To beef up the state ‘s mission to hike Malayan instruction criterion, enterprises were besides proposed to assist the low acting schools to better. One of the enterprises is School Improvement Programme or besides known as SIP, launched in April 2010. School Improvement Programme is a comprehensive attempt to actuate low acting schools to increase their pupils ‘ public presentation. In add-on, it is besides intended to contract the spread between High Performance Schools and low acting schools.

Subsequently, School Improvement Specialist Coaches ( SISC ) programme was introduced and conducted in 2011. It aimed at bettering the public presentation of low-performing secondary and primary schools throughout the state by exceling the instructors ‘ learning quality with the aid of instructional managers.

The Problem Statement

School Improvement Programme ( SIP ) was initiated to contract the spread between High Performance Schools ( HPS ) and low acting schools. Education deputy director-general ( Education Operations ) , Datuk Noor Rezan Bapoo Hashim revealed, there were many low executing schools in Band 6 and 7 when they went about ranking schools last twelvemonth. There are 124 primary schools and 134 secondary schools nationally listed as set 6 & A ; 7 schools. These schools obtained the mean grade eight and above for one of the nucleus topics such as English. Harmonizing to Datuk Noor Rezan, many of the schools have different jobs such as attending, subject, academic public presentation every bit good as low degree of instructors ‘ motive ( 2010 ) .

SABAH semporna

( Semporna as a territory with many schools in set 6 & A ; 7

Reason: Semporna has the most figure of secondary schools listed in set 6 & A ; 7.

1.3 The Purpose of the Study

The cardinal intent of this survey is to convey to illume the impact of SIS managers under in helping schools in set 6 & A ; 7 to better their public presentation.

In this survey on the impact of the Community Coaching Cohort Model to

better instructors ‘ instructional literacy patterns, a figure of inquiries were

addressed. Namely:

1. What are participants ‘ perceptual experiences and feelings about utilizing this literacy

training theoretical account as a vehicle for professional development?

2. How does this literacy training theoretical account influence participants ‘ perceived

additions in cognition and accomplishments about literacy?

3. How are participants implementing what they learn in the literacy coaching

theoretical account within their schoolroom direction?

4. What do participants detect with respect to student larning as a consequence of

take parting in this literacy training theoretical account?

Specifically, this survey will carry through the undermentioned aims:

to find the effectivity of School Improvement Specialist Coaches programme towards the pupils in low acting schools.

to place the coached instructor ‘s betterment in pedagogical attack after the coaching Sessionss.

to place School Improvement Specialist Coaches development in their coaching expertness.

1.4 Research Questions

This survey will try to reply the undermentioned research inquiries:

( I ) How does School Improvement Specialist Coaches Programme affect pupils ‘ public presentation in low acting schools?

( two ) Does the instructor being coached shows betterment in her/his pedagogical attack?

How does School Improvement Specialist Coaches describe the development of their coaching expertness?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The findings of this survey will supply better penetration into the advancement of School Improvement Specialist Coaches ( SISC ) programme every bit good as giving outstanding grounds on the effectivity of the new programme under National Key Result Areas. This survey is really important in helping policy shapers to better see the determination they made, aid instructors and managers solve practical jobs and supply other research workers with a deeper apprehension of SISC programme ( Kreswell, 2010 ) .

It is besides hoped that this survey would originate on-going coaction among instructors, specializer managers and instructors to better better pedagogical attack in add-on to acquiring motivational and thought supports.

Finally, it is hoped that this proposed survey would promote farther research to place the pupils ‘ results, teacher ‘s pedagogical attack betterment and specializer managers ‘ development in their coaching expertness to better step the effectivity of SISC programme. The diagram below illustrates how SISC programme is carried out to detect the coveted results.

Model of the Implementation of SISC Programme 2011

Development of preparation faculties, Coaches occupation specifications, Term of Reference for Coaches ; and SOP for SISC programme direction

Maestro Coaches will develop Coachs

Coaching for instructors in Category 6 & A ; 7 in Band 6 & A ; 7 schools carried out by Coachs

SIS Coaches studies advancement and results to Program Coordinator

End coaching procedure, transportation to professional acquisition Sessionss

Repeat coaching procedure

1.6 Scope of the Study

The survey will be limited to an probe of the impact of School Improvement Specialist Coaches Programme in impacting ; pupils ‘ public presentation in low acting schools, public presentation of instructor being coached in their pedagogical attack and Specialist Coaches descriptions on their coaching accomplishments.

1.7 Restrictions of the Study

The current survey has several restrictions that may impact the findings of this study- sample population and clip restraint. This survey will be restricted to instructors and pupils in one out of six secondary schools in Semporna territory listed in set 6 & A ; 7. This is due to the clip restraint faced by the research worker as the visits by specializer managers for training session in each school conducted at the same clip. This qualitative survey requires the research worker to show at the coached instructor ‘s category together with the specialist manager assign for the school. Therefore, the research worker will non be able to be at several schools and categories in a clip.

The topic of the coaching session is besides one of the possible limitations of the programme. This survey is limited to English capable seeing that English is a topic that needs to be forged in front. Based on a study by Ministry of Education in 2010 on schools ‘ class norms GPMP ( Gred Purata Mata Pelajaran ) , all five Band 6 & A ; 7 secondary schools in Semporna recorded more than 8 grade average/GPMP for English topic comparison to merely one school for Mathematics and History. Hence, there is an pressing demand to better the state of affairs by seting emphasize on the topic.

The findings of this survey can non be generalized to other School Improvement Programme conducted worldwide as different coaching theoretical accounts are used in other topographic points.

1.8 Definitions of Key Footings

The undermentioned footings are widely used in this survey ;

School Improvement Specialist Coaches Programme – A programme by Malaysia Ministry of Education aimed at bettering public presentation of primary and secondary schools nationally listed as set 6 & A ; 7 schools.

Band 6 & A ; 7 schools – Low executing schools score more than 8 for Gred Purata Mata Pelajaran ( GPMP ) . The schools were ranked based on major test consequences in 2010 ; Ujian Penilaian Sekolah Redah ( UPSR ) for primary schools and Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia ( SPM ) for secondary schools.

School Improvement Specialist Coaches – Expert instructors who are assigned to train under-performing instructors in Band 6 & A ; 7 schools. They are besides known as instructional managers who offer schoolroom mold, supportive feedback, and specific observations of single instruction patterns ( Kowal & A ; Steiner, 2007 ) .

Instructional Coaching – A instructors ‘ professional development scheme to better instructional patterns designed to heighten the quality and the effectivity of instructors ‘ pedagogical attack and the pupils ‘ larning public presentation. Harmonizing to Kowal and Steiner, Instructional Coaching is best described as


( Dr, this chapter is yet to be developed )

2.1 Conceptual Model

Patricia H. Marino ‘s Lessons Learned from Experienced Specialist Teachers: Using the Coaching Model to Better Pedagogic Practice ( 2010 ) came out with an improved conceptual model known as Tri-level Review Structure steering in building consistent literature reappraisal. Presented below is the conceptual model utilized in the survey ;

First degree – contains core construct, study of definitions, and geographic expedition of Coaching Model ( CM ) elements such as jobs and benefits.

Second degree – a CM practice contains treatment of sociocultural deductions, professional competency and basic CM signifiers followed by wider usage application.

Third level – treatment of civilization, teaching method and organisation as interdisciplinary variables with implicit in context.

( p. 16 )

In concurrence with the above model, this proposed survey come out with the following conceptual model:

First degree – includes nucleus construct, the nature of Instructional Coaching, definitions and geographic expedition of theaˆ¦ .

Second Level – Includes treatment of Instructional Coaching ‘s authorities in helping pupils in low-performing schools and its deductions towards instructors ‘ pedagogical attacks.

Third degree – The current tendencies of IC? Development of Coaching Expertise?

This adapted conceptual model serves as an organisational tool for reexamining literature in a more structured manner.

2.2 The Core Concept of Coaching

Coaching has long been proven to be really

What is Instructional Coaching?

The instructional coaching is a quality sweetening scheme for instructors ‘ professional development. It is an enterprise to assist instructors to better pedagogical attack in order to help low executing pupils.

Coaching was defined as confidential interaction through which two or more co-workers work together to prosecute in critical enquiry about current pattern. A collaborative environment was defined as instructors prosecuting in aid related exchanges, bespeaking or offering advice and aid, sharing thoughts and work outing instructional jobs.


This chapter will sketch the research design for this survey and the mode in which the research will be conducted. The determinations about the survey population, processs of carry oning this survey and instruments, every bit good as informations analysis processs will besides be explained.

3.1 Research Design

This survey on the impact of the School Improvement Specialist Coaches ( SISC ) programme towards instructors ‘ pedagogical attack sweetening and low-achiever pupils ‘ public presentation employs qualitative method. This qualitative survey will document pupils ‘ public presentation advancement in scrutinies throughout the twelvemonth, as a consequence of instructors ‘ betterment in their pedagogical attack after the coaching Sessionss. This survey utilizes observations, interviews and paperss to reply the research inquiries below:

How does School Improvement Specialist Coaches Programme affect pupils ‘ public presentation in low acting schools?

( two ) Does the instructor being coached shows betterment in her/his pedagogical attack?

How does School Improvement Specialist Coaches describe the development of their coaching expertness?

3.2 Population and Sampling

The pupils and a instructor of a school from the territory are chosen as the sampling for this qualitative survey. The school is one of the six schools in Semporna territory listed in set 6 & A ; 7 schools.

3.2 Data Collection

3.2.1 Procedures and Instruments

Permission to carry on this research will be sought from the SISC Programme Secretariat, Unit Standard Kualiti Guru, Bahagian Pendidikan Guru. After this research proposal has been approved, missive will be sent to the secretariat to seek blessing to carry on this research at the school chosen together with the research proposal. Then, missive will be sent to the school, to officially inform the decision maker about the survey and the day of the months that it would take topographic point. The research worker will fall in the SIS manager during the visits to the school to roll up needed information.

This survey will be conducted get downing on March until August this several twelvemonth. The specialist manager assigned will see the school three times ; March/April, May and July, therefore observation will be conducted during the visits. After each visits, the SIS manager will describe the advancement to the programme coordinator. The advancement study paperss will supply valid informations to the research worker. In order to see whether pupils ‘ consequences after the visits prove betterment, the school ‘s scrutiny consequence analysis will be sought. The instructor and pupils involved will be interviewed about their positions on the SISC programme and pupils ‘ perceptual experiences on their instructor ‘s instruction attack after the coaching session.

3.3 Analysis of Datas

The information collected through observations, interviews and related paperss such as scrutiny consequences analysis will be analysed.