Imparting ethical knowledge to children an early years class

Discuss the different ways by which a instructor in an early childhood schoolroom can leave moral and ethical cognition to kids in his/her category. Choose any one of the methods you have described and fix some instruction stuffs that can be used in category to leave cultural and moral values to kids.( 1500 – 2000 words ) ( 1500 – 2000 words )


The instruction profession is a profession critical to the procedure of human development, society and the province. At the clip the engineering is good developed and sophisticated ; functions and duties of instructors are now more ambitious. Teachers play an of import function in making consciousness on themselves but besides on society every bit good as his relationship with God. Teachers can besides be used as practician accomplishments in which instructors need to hold accomplishments in the bringing, appraisal, stimulating, schoolroom direction, subject, ordinance and control of students in the schoolroom. For illustration, instructors should be wise in managing the state of affairs or set uping the place of pupils during to make storytelling or explicate about the information. This is because pupils need understanding of the lessons that were taught and comfy place to acquire information straight.

Definition of Ethical motives ( etymology ) , is derived from the Grecian “ Ethos ” , intending the character of morality or imposts. Ethical motives is the cognition which deals with good workss and bad workss of adult male every bit far as can be understood by the human head. In add-on, the significance and definition of moralss from the philosophers are different, which is the rules of morality, including the scientific discipline of good and the nature of the right, the scientific discipline of human character in its ideal province, and moral rules as of an person and the scientific discipline of responsibility.

Methods of Teaching Moral and Ethical Knowledge in the category

Children phase is an of import phase for larning and it is really of import for us to supply the moral and moralss instruction to them at an early age. This is because it can assist them to go an educated individual and assist them accomplish success in civilisation. As parents, they have the right to give moral lessons and good illustrations that can be a function of theoretical account for them to do follow-up and it can assist them acquire a better in their life. So, the instructors are expected to learn moral and ethical values to kids more exactly either through formal manner or informal manner. Formal manner means learning them straight by assisting them in schoolroom, while informal manner occurs outside the schoolroom, where instructors provide the direction to the pupils to make it by themselves.

There are many ways to learn and cultivate moral values among kids in early childhood instruction. In fact, we can non learn kids with larning methods that are tantamount to grownups. The first method that we can utilize for the instruction of kids get downing is instructors can utilize picture to learn. Children presents are more interested in the usage of electronic and ocular. It can concentrate more on coloring material screen instead than the usage of white board. However, instructors should ever supervise to each acquisition that associated with the usage of engineering every bit good as supplying counsel to the pupils. This is because kids at this age should be monitored and restricted in the usage of electronics.

Play is besides one of the recommended methods in cultivating moral and ethical cognition among the kids. For me, playing games can develop kids to go more disciplined, tolerant and can develop them in constructing relationships within a community. Normally the kids like to play with their equals because they are easy to interact rapidly. When they played together in the community, they can absorb a sense of empathy to others, duty, forbearance, tolerance with others and many more. Most of the games will learn them to be patient because it requires them to take bends when playing. Bet on such as constructing the block is really suited to further greater moral values. For illustration, the kids will work in groups to build the edifice and develop a sense of careful in the building of a edifice, so the edifice will non fall in.

Last but non least, narratives and storybooks can besides be a great method to learn moral values and moralss to kids. As we know, the kids prefer to listen to the narrative, and most of the narratives that kids have a assortment of moral and model which they can emulate and larn from. Each character in the narrative besides plays an of import function in kids ‘s acquisition. It is because every character that plays good is used as an graven image for them. We non merely can absorb the moral nature of the kids, but the manner of authorship, reading and linguistic communication can besides be improved by utilizing this method.

Choose one of method ( narrative and storybook )

In my sentiment, the best manner to give moral values and moralss to the kids is through storytelling. Knowledge of moralss and moral instruction is really of import for the kids to help them in nurturing of good personal values in themselves and got a good life in the community and civilisation. As the instructor, we needed to give moral values that are good for the kids and guarantee that they fostering of moral values are positive while in the schoolroom. Thornwood ( 1992 ) claims that one time kids reach high school, any values that they have learned is already embedded in their head and rarely moral values in these young person are alteration. If we do non get down by furthering of moral values in the kids now, all of moral values that will be taught in the hereafter will non be utile.

Why narratives and storybooks is the method most appropriate to the early phases of kids? Cognitive development of immature kids still developing and we can non affect them in high undertaking in order to expose them moral values. Most of kids prefer to state narratives, for illustration before slumber, they ask their parents or defenders to state the bedtime narrative. This sort of activity, they can absorb the moral values easy and efficaciously.

For simple age kids, storybooks are one of the techniques for them to get down a duologue with talked about of moral values that contained in the storybooks. We as grownups must supply them with narratives that are associated with of moral values and speak about the positions about the diverseness of characters. Each character in the narrative brings of moral values to be emulated by the kids.

As a instructor who is concerned, I prefer to utilize in the schoolroom to learn utilizing storybooks for kids. It is easy to be explained and demonstrated to the kids. It is besides available assorted types of local kids storybooks either about animate beings or worlds. Normally after the storytelling, we will inquire the kids about what they think and indicate of moral values contained in the storybooks. Here, it can take them to believe about how of moral values can be taken to their ain lives.

Teaching stuff that can utilize to leave ethical and moral values

As my method of instruction is utilizing narratives, so I am traveling to utilize narrative book as my chief stuffs. I will fix some narrative like “Dog and His Reflection” , “The Fox and Grapes” , “The tortoise and the Eagle” , “The Ant and the Dove” and “The Lion and the Mouse” .

First Story

Title:Dog and His Contemplation

A Canis familiaris who took place the castanetss that have been thrown, had rushed back to the house to observe the joy of acquiring the bone. When he was traversing a narrow span, coincidently at the clip he looked down and saw himself in the composure Waterss seemed to see itself in the mirror. But a Canis familiaris that greed was seen in the H2O, the Canis familiaris is supposed to be in the H2O with a bigger bone than he has.

So he had stopped to believe how to acquire the bone. But alternatively of thought, he dropped his bone and sprang at the Dog in the river, merely to happen him swimming for beloved life to make the shore. At last he managed to scramble out, and as he stood unhappily believing about the good bone he had lost, he realized what a stupid Canis familiaris he had been.

Moral value:It doesn’t wage to be avaricious

In the beginning, I would make unwritten activities in which I will inquire pupils to read together. By reading together, it allows them to larn how to articulate the words right and fluently to read storybooks. To do it more fun, I will inquire pupils to read one by one. By it, all pupils can take portion in the reading.

In my sentiment, I would instead unrecorded activities in which it engages with the instructors and pupils to transport out joint activities such as joint treatments. Then I would inquire them inquiries to reply. My Q & A ; A session is more to treatment because they are still immature and should be given counsel. At first, I would do the treatment of moral values contained in the narrative and inquiring for their sentiment on the moral values exists. In this narrative, there is a moral value that we should non greedy, where it would incur a loss in the terminal. It explains that this learning about the attitude of a individual who is avaricious and ended up non acquiring any benefits. Here, we will further a sense of non greedy and non stingy on the interior. For illustration, reding kids non to be like the greedy Canis familiaris in the narrative.

Second Story

Title:The Fox and Grapes

One eventide, a fox was walking in the wood and seen at a clump of grapes hanging from the subdivisions of a tall tree.

“Just the thing to slake my thirst, ” he thought. By taking a few stairss back, the fox jumped, but he missed the mark. The fox did non desire to give up and desire to seek once more by taking a few stairss back. However, it still failed.

Finally, giving up, the fox turned up his olfactory organ and said, “They’re likely sour anyhow, ” and proceeded to walk off.

Moral value:If person can’t get something, they pretend it is non deserving holding.

First I would inquire them to read as a group. I will split into smaller groups to make in this activity. After that, I will state the moral values contained in the narrative. From the narrative, the fox is in desperation and go clannish because he did non desire to dishonor after neglecting to acquire the grapes.

After that I will give assignments that are attractive to them by inquiring them to pull a image of a fox and color it and do it as a face mask. After completion of all, I would inquire everyone to have on a mask while keeping the plastic grapes and pass oning their sentiments on the mongoose and give some suggestions for the fox to alter behavior. Here, I apply the moral values such as altering negative attitudes to positive. For illustration, an attitude that rapidly gives up and make-believes to be avoided in them.

Third Story

Title:The tortoise and the Eagle

Tod, the tortoise was battles to acquire his portion of garbages that are thrown into the garden where it lives because he is excessively slow. His friend, Milly, the mouse, brings some back for him. Sing an bird of Jove winging in the sky, Tod expresses top Milly his want to be able to wing.

The bird of Jove comes down and offers to learn Tod to wing. Tod promises to the Eagle that he will give anything to the Eagle wants as return. Up in the sky, the Eagle demands Milly, who it wants to eat. When Tod is unwilling to bewray his friend, the Eagle drops him. However, Tod lands in a heap of boodle foliages which his friends in the garden had stacked up to salvage him. Tod realises that he is happy as himself.

Moral value:Demanding your ain manner can backlash

First of all I would inquire them to read foremost. After reading, I ‘ll explicate the moral values to them. I will inquire three kids to come frontward to play a character like in the narrative, while other pupils will be witnesss. At the terminal of the twenty-four hours, the kids in the audience will be given a paper to put moral values found in the narrative of their sentiments. In this manner, they can understand the narrative more efficaciously.

Fourth Story

Title:The Ant and the Dove

One twenty-four hours a thirsty emmet stopped to hold a drink from the river. Merely so he lost his balance and fell into the H2O and was washed off. A dove happened to be sitting in a tree nearby and saw what happened. He rapidly plucked a foliage off the tree and threw it down into the H2O following to the emmet. The emmet was able to mount onto the foliage and was saved from submerging.

A piece subsequently a huntsman came by with his trap. He started puting up his trap to catch doves. The ant knew what he was up to. “How can I allow this huntsman catch the dove that saved my life? ” he thought. “I must make something! But how can a small emmet like me salvage my friend from a great large adult male? ” Then he had an thought. He hurried across the way, climbed the man’s leg and so gave him a really crisp bite. “Owwww! ” , yelled the huntsman and dropped his trap. The dove flew off. “Thank you, dear emmet, for salvaging my life, ” he called. “I’ll ne’er bury your kindness! ”

Moral value:One good bend deserves another

First I would inquire them to read it together. After that I will split them into two groups, in which the two groups will play the dove and the emmet. I gave each group a paper, and inquire them to pull the image of each character and explicate what are the features that exist in the characters. Finally, both groups will be presented in forepart of the category.

Fifth Story

Title:The Lion and the Mouse

Once when a Lion was asleep a small Mouse began running up and down upon him ; this shortly wakened the Lion, who placed his immense paw upon him, and opened his large jaws to get down him. “ Pardon, O King, ” cried the small Mouse: “ forgive me this clip, I shall ne’er bury it: who knows but what I may be able to make you a turn some of these yearss? ” The Lion was so tickled at the thought of the Mouse being able to assist him that he lifted up his paw and allow him travel. Some clip after the Lion was caught in a trap, and the huntsmans who desired to transport him alive to the King, tied him to a tree while they went in hunt of a waggon to transport him on. Just so the small Mouse happened to go through by, and seeing the sad predicament, in which the Lion was, went up to him and shortly gnawed away the ropes that bound the King of the Beasts. “ Was I non right? ” said the small Mouse.

Moral value:Small friends can turn out to be great friends

First, I will give them clip to read together in groups that have been distributed in progress. Following, I would inquire them to discourse and show some moral values contained in the narrative. I will assist and steer them if they need aid. After the treatment, I would inquire them to show the moral values they have.


As a decision, the moral values and moralss are really of import to give to the kids who are merely get downing to believe and be guided as it is good for their hereafter. Young people are a really of import phase for person to bring forth a assortment of the moral values and furthering the moral values in themselves.

There are many suggestions on how to learn the kids about the moral values as taught kids requires knowledge as their cognitive still develop. We can non learn them the same degree of secondary instruction.

Narratives and storybooks can be the best method for learning the moral values to immature people. Therefore, instructors should be more effectual and originative in larning environment so that the kid will be like and lament to larn.


Materials that be used in instruction:

  1. Story books: “Dog and His Reflection” , “The Fox and Grapes” , “The tortoise and the Eagle” , “The Ant and the Dove” and “The Lion and the Mouse” .

book_moralLesson_dogReflection.jpg11fox grapes F.jpgAR4_1.jpg


  1. Pulling paper
  2. Colour pencils / crayon
  3. Pencils
  1. Props ( Fake Grapes )


  1. Props ( Fox Mask )