Multi Media Learning Resource Education Essay

Why do trainee teacher demand ( CK and PCK ) to be given the MMGE larning resource? Ape faedahnya MMGE diberikan kepada guru2 pelatih?

The handiness, affordability, entree and comparative simpleness of usage of these engineerings and devices mean that it is realistic to propose they can now be used by any instructor, and that the engineering is now at a point where it can so be used to dramatically heighten many of the activities within PE ( Elbourn and Cale 2001 ; Koh and Khairuddin 2004 ; Wood 2005 ) .

PE instructors, both pre-service or in-service, drama of import functions in presenting effectual instruction and acquisition to pupils which is emphasised since Initial Teacher Education ( ITE ) classs. However, { { 287 Capel, S. 2005 } } found that many physical instruction instructors have non changed the manner they teach physical instruction by utilizing traditional attack. The inactiveness against alteration is observed despite legion inventions in the course of study, including the debut of National Curriculum for Physical Education ( NCPE ) in England in 1992.

Harmonizing { { 79 Webb, P. 2005 } } most teacher still find it more convenient to use the traditional attack in learning games. Harmonizing { { 82 Georgakis, S. 2005:51 } } the traditional attack involves technique-based attacks utilizing drills with the instructor or manager dictating to the pupils. He besides agreed that accomplishments in the traditional attack were taught in isolation without leting the participants to believe and use the techniques to the state of affairss required in the game. Consequently, the pupils who had ne’er played the peculiar athletics will non understand what they are making and why.

Therefore, MMGE larning resource provides an alternate usage of pedagogical advanced attack visualized in DVD signifier. This larning resource comprise of NCPE component, Teaching Games for Understanding ( TGfU ) , Sport Education ( SE ) and invasion game ( handball ) . Teaching Games for Understanding ( TGfU ) is one of the pedagogical inventions and it is cardinal to the Sport Education model { { 266 Hellison, D.R. 1991 } } . It is a game-orientated acquisition procedure to get the accomplishments, to heighten understanding topographic point of them in the game { { 79 Webb, P. 2005 } } . Both of advanced pedagogical attack will be highlight in the acquisition resource to help trainee instructor understand the rule of drama invasion game utilizing handball. The larning resource will concentrate on ocular cues which show the picture of assailing and defense mechanism around understanding and larning the tactical ( strategic ) facets of handball behind SE model.

This work aims to incorporate ICT with intercrossed SE-TGfU as an advanced pedagogical attack. Harmonizing { { 197 Hastie, P.A. 2006 } } , in order to be successful in presenting intercrossed SE-TGfU unit, possible instructor trainees should possess superior content and pedagogical content cognition. Following that, { { 167 Mohr, D.J. 2002 } } found that instructors who use SE are engaged in the procedure of heightening their PCK. Tactical Games theoretical accounts make games more apprehensible for instructor trainees in developing robust and more complex PCK as compared with traditional instruction methods { { 167 Mohr, D.J. 2002 } } .

The acquisition resource is of import component in PE to provide for the demands of each trainee instructor in footings of edifice on their Content Knowledge ( CK ) and Pedagogical Content Knowledge ( PCK ) as anterior cognition { { 289 Gower, C. 2004 } } . This cognition will be varied harmonizing to their experiences { { 290 Capel, S. 2000 } } . Furthermore, there is some transportation of their cognition of other athleticss and activities { { 289 Gower, C. 2004 } } .

{ { 181 Shulman, L.S. 1987 } } defined PCK as transforming capable affair and stand foring it to pupils in a comprehendible signifier. Meanwhile, CK are “ analogies, metaphors, illustrations, presentations, simulations ” that would be able to construct a span between the instructor ‘s comprehension and that desired for the pupils. It is most valuable if the cognition about practical activities comprises of accomplishments, tactics, regulations, patterns and stuffs which enhance their pattern of learning { { 193 Hayes, S. 2008 } } .

The permeation of ICT which has impacted instruction in general has the possible to do more impact in the instruction and acquisition of PE than about any other capable country ( Stratton & A ; Finch, 2001 ; Kibble, 2005 ) . { { 245 Tearle, P. 2008 } } , highlight the demands of relevant ICT acquisition resources for learning and larning in PE. Furthermore, { { 248 Elbourn, J. 2001 } } has found the usage of ICT in PE initial instructor preparation is besides presently far less developed and researched than ICT usage in other capable countries.

From researcher point of position, the larning resource will supply an option for new pedagogical attack in order to heighten teacher apprehension of acquisition and instruction of invasion games. This larning resource will supply an chance for trainee to entree, pattern and utilize the content for their professional development.

In the present research, handball game was selected for the MMGE acquisition resource for a figure of grounds. Handball is acknowledged as a tribunal invasion game with techniques and more patterned tactics than association football affecting frequent violative and defensive alterations { { 122 Siedentop, D. 2004 } } . Handball can be played indoors or out-of-doorss with really small equipment and it is an international athletics { { 122 Siedentop, D. 2004 } } . It has similarities with other athleticss with regard to basic accomplishments, therefore supplying chances to be movable to other games { { 165 Griffey, D. 2007 ; 122 Siedentop, D. 2004 ; 93 Remy, C. 2003 ; 133 Wilson, G.E. 2002 } } . Within England and Wales, handball received enormous support from the authorities particularly at school degree { { 211 Neilson, S. 2008 } } . Furthermore, the research worker is a former PE instructor and handball is a major game the research worker played. As an experient handball participant, the research worker is more comfy, familiar and has a solid background with the game to set about this survey.

Research inquiry

How does the teaching method ( i.e. of utilizing a multi-media acquisition resource in physical instruction ) affect teacher trainee ‘s professional development?

Bagaimana teaching method MMGE boleh mempengaruhi perkembangan professional guru2 pelatih?

Use ICT in larning

Use ICT to larn and learn

Battle with the preparation procedure ( larning to learn )

( menumpukan perhatian ) .

Rapid alterations in instruction agencies that pupils must larn to develop and use cognition creatively, non merely retrieve what they have been told. This end requires a displacement from traditional lessons based on conveying information toward attacks that help scholars construct robust and flexible apprehension. To run into these demands, instructors need professional development chances to back up them in the transformational procedure { { 237 Stone Wiske, Martha 2001 } } .

Any teacher preparation plan should assist instructors see past the engineering to the pedagogical and educational additions that the engineering will convey to the schoolroom { { 244 Thomas, A. 2006 ; 270 Hawkins, R.J. 2001 } } .

Therefore, it is of import for future instructors to be equipped with what is needed to assist them incorporate ICT in learning { { 308 Bakar, A.R. 2008 } } .

Technology must be seen as a manner to ease acquisition and bettering interaction with the pupils ( Thurnburg and Hill, 2004 ) .

The research design


research paradigm reflects a general understanding on the nature of the universe and how to look into it { { 288 Burton, D. 2005:18 } } . This undertaking is located within on interpretivist paradigm. This qualitative research is support by Activity Theory and Grounded Theory.

The research worker is traveling to use action research where harmonizing to { { 257 Koshy, V. 2005:21 } } action research fits the intents of professional development or bettering a state of affairs identified. The sample will be selected from all new cohort of PGCE in PE trainee instructors who started the programme in September 2008. The research worker will play multiple functions such as research worker, an perceiver, practician, manager, developer and trainee instructors as an histrion that seeking to undertake the issues traveling to be investigated from different angles and positions.

Very frequently, the informations aggregation associated with action research is mostly fuelled by the desire to understand one ‘s pattern and to roll up informations that is appropriate and accessible { { 288 Burton, D. 2005 } } . Qualitative research methods utilizing instance survey, semi-structured interview and study are more suitably applied to this undertaking { { 231 Mills, G.E. 2003 } } .

Activity Theory has been employed to back up the content design of MMGE which emphasise human intentionality behind each design of which many of theories are missing { { 175 Kaptelinin, V. 2006 ; 282 Gifford, B.R. 1999 } } . Activity theory provides a footing for understanding how trainee physical instruction instructors ‘ act with MMGE larning resource and to excite great design engineerings that address the stakeholders need and desires


In short, Action Research, Activity Theory and Grounded Theory were chosen because these theories have similar procedures involved changeless rhythms of planning, moving, detecting and reflecting procedures { { 121 Cohen, L. 2007 ; 283 Hearn, G. 2005 ; 288 Burton, D. 2005 ; 231 Mills, G.E. 2003 } } . As portion of the intercession undertaking, the research worker is looking at the MMGE from assorted points of position. First, to turn to what instructors need, teacher trainees will make a ego audit demand before they use the MMGE farther. As they progress through the MMGE, SE will supply an account of the features and the chance to play with assorted functions. Meanwhile, TGfU will expose more attacks on learning game utilizing tactical games scheme. As a consequence, every person will travel to their ain way of larning as they learn and it becomes a foundation in this programme.

The analysis

As portion of the qualitative research method, Grounded Theory uses a systematic set of processs to develop and inductively deduce a theory about a phenomenon { { 121 Cohen, L. 2007 ; 185 Strauss, A. 1990 } } . Here, creativeness is besides an of import component { { 185 Strauss, A. 1990 } } .

The research worker adopted The Helix Model by { { 253 Waring, M. 2001 } } . It emphasises the systematic nature of analysis in grounded theory through cryptography, theoretical sampling, memos and diagram. As informations are gathered from the rating questionnaire on MMGE larning resource, the semi-structured interview will be conducted subsequently to look in deepness into certain issues until it becomes heavy, evolved and see sufficient plenty to be included in the current research. It will affect look intoing informations forwards and backwards from clip to clip within the spiral to suit the research traveling to be investigated and the expertness of research worker.