Sample And Demographic Background Of Students Education Essay

Introduction

This chapter will explicate how the survey will be conducted to bring forth the informations needed to turn to each research inquiry stated in Chapter 1. Besides included in this chapter will be the survey design, specification of the chosen sample, lineations of survey processs, the instruments used, and the informations aggregation tools and techniques used to analyse the information collected.

Study Design

This research survey will necessitate a combination of both Quantitative and Qualitative research methods in order to garner the necessary required informations to reply the four research inquiries as stated in the first chapter. The Quantitative informations will be gathered utilizing the pupils ‘ accomplishment tonss in both the pre-tests and post-tests and the qualitative informations will be obtained from the interview Sessionss with a few indiscriminately selected pupils and besides from video observations.

Aims

The research aimed to look into the extent of betterment in the pupils ‘ accomplishment in Trigonometry with the AIDSs of ICT tools. Another aim of the research was to look into if there was any correlativity between holding done Extra Mathematicss in O-Levels and pupils ‘ accomplishment. The research carried out besides aimed to look into if there was any correlativity between gender and pupils ‘ accomplishment. Finally, the research worker hoped to happen out the troubles that pupils faced when larning Trigonometry.

Study Framework

The tabular array below shows the model for the survey.

Table 3.1

Research Study Framework

Research Questions

Data Type

Instrument

Data Collection Strategy

Datas Analysis

To what extent does larning Trigonometry with ICT-enhanced activities improve pupils ‘ accomplishments in Trigonometry?

Quantitative and Qualitative

A paper and pencil pre and station trial paper marked out of 35.

Observation and Video-recording

Written trials

Lesson Observations

Descriptive and statistical significance

Transcribed

Is there a correlativity between holding done Extra Mathematicss in the O-Levels and pupils ‘ accomplishment in the acquisition of Trigonometry?

Quantitative

A paper and pencil pre and station trial paper marked out of 35.

Written trials

Descriptive and statistical significance

Is there a correlativity between gender and pupils ‘ accomplishment in the acquisition of Trigonometry?

Quantitative

A paper and pencil pre and station trial paper marked out of 35.

Written trials

Descriptive and statistical significance

What are the jobs / troubles encountered by pupils in the acquisition and apprehension of Trigonometry?

Quantitative and Qualitative

A paper and pencil pre and station trial paper marked out of 35.

Interview books

Written trials

Student interviews

Descriptive and statistical significance

Transcribed

Sample and Demographic Background of Students

The survey will be carried out at a new Sixth Form Centre in Brunei Darussalam. The school has an estimated 550 pupils in both Upper and Lower Sixth degrees.

The sample chosen for this survey comprised 4 categories of Lower Sixth assorted ability pupils set abouting Advanced Level Mathematics.

Table 3.2

Sample Classs and Students ‘ Background Knowledge

Class

Lower 6 Block

No. of Students

No. of Students With Additional Mathematics Qualification

Male

Female

1

( Experimental )

11

13

9

2B

( Experimental )

11

11

8

4

( Control )

5

15

7

5

( Control )

8

8

8

Table 3.2 shows the categories from which the sample for the survey are taken, the figure of male childs and misss in the several categories and their background cognition of Additional Mathematics i.e. whether the pupils have taken up Extra Mathematicss during their O-Levels.

Lesson Design

Table 3.3

Sample Classs and Procedure Outlines

Class

Lower 6 Block

Procedures

Pre-Test

ICT based Instruction manuals

Post-Test

1

( Experimental )

a?s

a?s

a?s

2B

( Experimental )

a?s

a?s

a?s

4

( Control )

a?s

Ten

a?s

5

( Control )

a?s

Ten

a?s

Table 3.3 briefly illustrates how the samples groups were studied. There are 2 experimental groups ( Blocks 1 and 2B ) and 2 control groups ( Blocks 4 and 5 ) from the same school chosen for the survey. The experimental groups will be exposed to learning utilizing ICT whereas the control groups will be taught utilizing traditional method of learning ( chalk-and-talk method ) .

Control Groups

The stuffs used in the instruction of the control groups consist of prepared notes, whiteboard and exercisings. The instructor learning the control groups will give the instructions through the traditional method that is by presenting talks utilizing the notes and the whiteboard. The instructor requires the pupils to work out the exercisings given in the notes after holding shown a few illustrations on the whiteboard. Daily assignments will be given to the pupils and checked on a regular basis by the instructor.

Experimental Groups

The pupils from the experimental groups will have ICT-based lessons. The research worker ( i.e. the facilitator ) will present the lessons by supplying worksheets that contained activities which required the usage of Mathematical Software. The package used will either be pre-installed by the facilitator before any lesson is conducted or downloaded from the cyberspace. The package includes Geogebra applet package ( Internet based ) and besides Autograph ( pre-installed ) .

Meeting

A meeting was held with the Principal of the selected school to seek permission to carry on the research. Another meeting was held with the collaborating coachs to seek permission to utilize their categories for the research survey. The collaborating coach from the experimental groups was so provided with the inside informations of the survey i.e. the aims and how the lessons will be conducted.

Instruments

Different instruments will be designed to roll up the needed informations to reply the research inquiries for the survey.

Pre-test and Post-test

Two trials ( pre and station trials ) will be administered to the pupils from all 4 sample groups. The trials will be the chief instruments used in the survey to reply the 2nd research inquiry i.e. “ To what extent does larning Trigonometry with ICT-enhanced activities improve pupils ‘ accomplishments in Trigonometry? ” The trial points were taken from past scrutiny documents ( Cambridge International Examinations 2004 – 2011 ) . All the trial documents will hold the same figure of inquiries and a sum of 35 Markss. The trial inquiries chiefly focused on work outing trigonometric equations and turn outing trigonometric individualities.

Dependability of Test

The trial points for the pre-test were piloted with a category of 22 Upper Sixth Form pupils from the same Sixth Form College. The informations collected from the trial was so analyzed for dependability utilizing SPSS package and the consequences yielded a Cronbach Alpha of 0.764 and a Split-Half coefficient of 0.795.

Worksheets

ICT based worksheets will be handed out to the pupils from the experimental group. These worksheets will function as instruction notes which consist of hands-on activities for pupils to seek utilizing the applied package. The worksheets were designed to present a new acquisition environment to the pupils to assist heighten their apprehension of the Trigonometric constructs.

In add-on to the worksheets, a simple guideline was designed by the research worker to be given to the pupils as an debut to the Autograph Software which will be used during the intercession. A whole lesson will be spent on the debut of the package so that the pupils could pass some clip familiarising themselves before really utilizing the package for the worksheet activities set for them.

ICT activity 1 – Detecting Trigonometric Ratios

The activity required the pupils to do usage of dynamic geometric package “ Geogebra ” which the chief aim of the activity was to be able to detect the trigonometric ratio expression which were:

Sine of an angle is the ratio of the opposite side with that of its hypotenuse.

Cosine of an angle is the ratio of the next side with that of its hypotenuse.

Using ( 1 ) and ( 2 ) pupils were so able to detect that:

Tangent of an angle is the ratio of the sine of the angle with the cosine of the angle.

ICT activity 2 – Understanding the Amplitude, Period and Vertical Shifts of Trigonometric Graphs

This activity required the pupils to do usage of dynamic geometry package “ Autograph ” to chalk out graphs of basic trigonometric maps. Before this activity was implemented into the lesson, pupils were given a whole lesson to seek out the package with the aid of a prepared guidebook. Students were to familiarise themselves with the operations of the package.

ICT activity 3 – Solving Trigonometric Equations Through The Use of Graph Sketching

Students were foremost required to work out the trigonometric equations utilizing the working method and so look into their solutions by chalk outing the graphs of the given equations utilizing “ Autograph ” .

The pupils from the control group were taught utilizing lesson notes prepared by their coach and besides text editions.

Interviews

Interviews will be conducted with a random sample of pupils selected from the experimental groups. The chief aim of the interview was to place the jobs or troubles the pupil faced during the learning procedure and besides to place any possible defects in the lessons such as trouble in utilizing the package or penchant of learning method. The information gathered from the interviews was so used to reply the concluding research inquiry, “ What are the jobs / troubles encountered by pupils in the acquisition and apprehension of Trigonometry? ”

Video-recording

The lessons conducted in both experimental groups will be video-recorded and so analyzed to supply supportive qualitative grounds in replying the first research inquiry.

Treatment of Datas

Qualitative Data

Datas collected from the interview Sessionss will be transcribed and analyzed. All the of import information analyzed will be categorized harmonizing to subjects in order to turn to the research inquiries.

Any information obtained from the picture recordings will be used and included as portion of the findings.

Quantitative Data

The post-test consequences will be analyzed utilizing the SPSS package and so compared to the pre-test consequences. Different information analyses were conducted and comparings were made consequently utilizing the consequences obtained and will be discussed subsequently on in the study.

Drumhead

This chapter has summarized the design of the survey being a combination of both a Qualitative and Quantitative research. The aims of the survey were mentioned in this chapter with the chief focal point of garnering informations to reply the research inquiries that have guided this research.

The methodological analysis used to garner the necessary information to reply the research inquiries was besides discussed in a survey model presented in the chapter. Besides discussed in this chapter was the demographic background of the pupils chosen for this survey. A sum of 82 pupils from four categories in the Lower Sixth were selected for this survey where two categories were treated as the experimental groups and another two categories treated as the control groups.

The pupils from the experimental groups received their lessons through the usage of ICT-based activities whereas the control groups were taught utilizing the traditional method of instruction.

This chapter has discussed the instruments used to garner informations for this research which included the pre-test and post-test inquiries, how and where the inquiries were obtained, worksheets for the pupils in the experimental groups, interviews with a few indiscriminately selected pupils from the experimental groups and video-recordings.

Treatment of the information gathered was besides discussed where the qualitative information from the interview Sessionss will be transcribed and the picture recordings will be used as extra support to the grounds. The quantitative information gathered will be analyzed utilizing a statistical package bundle ( SPSS ) .