Students Educational Background And Motivation To Study

This essay will ab initio supply an overview on my personality and educational background, subsequently on it will concentrate on what motivated me to analyze the Masters Degree at Bangor Business School. This essay will besides consist of assorted motive theories, larning manners and attacks ; which will non merely use to critically measure assorted facets of human-behaviour, besides to stipulate the disposed attacks for me. Furthermore, a group coursework will be undertaken following this assignment, therefore I will indicate out all bing every bit good as anticipated issues with effectual solutions. Finally I will pull a decision.

Backdrop

Study is one my favorite avocations. The household surroundings I have been raised up in could non offer a great sum of wealth but they have encouraged me for higher instruction. In 2003, after completing my A-levels from Bangladesh I was admitted to Sunderland University and obtained BSC in Computer Applications. In June 2006, I started my first calling in a medium sized package house as a alumnus IT coder. However, ennui caught me overnight due to luck of societal ambiance in that profession, except interaction with machines. Bing an extrovert individual, I enjoy societal interactions non merely in personal life, besides at work-place ; desire to ‘work with pleasance ‘ and eager to pursuit my imaginativenesss in gesture ( Eysenck 1970, 1990 ) .

Therefore after carry throughing thoughtful consideration, I determined my future calling in banking sector as I ever had a acute involvement in the economic system, the concern and finance universe in general. Besides, I gathered experience while analyzing in Sunderland University. I conducted a short-run work-replacement at Barclays Bank Plc, where I found a societal touch of mixing with new people and discovered my superb interpersonal and communicating accomplishments ; which subsequently on triggered my purpose of fall ining Nationwide, the largest edifice society in the universe ( History ( Nationwide Building Society, 2010 ) ) , in January 2007. Since so I have been carry oning assorted managerial functions with great success. Recently I have started gaining a concern and direction oriented Masters Degree making can pitch up my calling in banking sector even further.

Motivation factors to analyze the Masters Degree at Bangor University

Based on Huczynski & A ; Buchanan ‘s ( 2007 ) treatment, it is a cognitive decision-making procedure to take a end and human motive can be influenced from assorted discrete but related positions to accomplish that end. Furthermore, we have born with some innate demands which besides force every bit good as motivate us towards accomplishing ends. Such demands can be classified as thrusts which are outstanding for being, for case O, H2O, nutrient, shelter, heat, and sex. Likewise some other demands can besides be categorised as thrusts, such as avidity to get cognition, aspiration, love, and passion. These demands besides can drive a individual to carry on assorted hard undertakings. In my context, avidity to get cognition and aspiration to accomplish higher making had driven me one time going abroad in young person ; those inherent aptitudes have encouraged me for an even higher making at Bangor for a 2nd clip.

The aforesaid construct will be made clearer by Maslow ‘s ( 1943 ) Content theory of Motivation which focuses on what ends persons seek and so provides agencies to accomplish those desired results. Content theory describes nine different types of motivations or demands, which drive persons to accomplish their ends. Those demands are categorised as biological, safety, association, esteem, cognizing and understanding, aesthetics, transcendency, freedom of question and look, every bit good as self-actualization ( Maslow ‘s, 1943 ) . Notably, esteem and self-actualization demands encourage an person for being confident to develop his full potency. Taking Maslow ‘s Content theory into history, I strongly see myself, an person who is motivated by the influence of self-esteem and self-actualization, along with who has utmost assurance and acuteness to boom his full potency in existent. Therefore, my apprehension was by taking an admittance in Bangor University in MBA Banking and finance would carry through my expected end and would din my possible at the same clip.

Again ‘Why make people take to prosecute certain ends? ‘ the reply is cognitive decision-making procedure influences us to take the ends, since we are purposive in nature ( Huczynski & A ; Buchanan, 2007 ) . Based on Vroom ‘s ( 1964 ) , Expectancy theory of motive which explains person ‘s behavior is driven by outlook. And outlook work in concurrence with high value of expected result. Correspondingly, a high outlook of accomplishing a top making every bit good as huge cognition in a specific country ( e.g. banking and finance ) , enormously influenced me to fall in in a Masters Programme at Bangor University which is such a well-reputed establishment.

Finally, societal influence is another major factor that motivates persons towards a end to accomplish. Herzberg ( 1966, 1968 ) discusses on how satisfaction influences an person to be motivated in his occupation enrichment theory of motive. In this theory two basic elements are widely discussed. First, intrinsic wagess are valued results which are controlled by the person, such as feelings of satisfaction and victory. The intrinsic wagess we can obtain by executing our expected activities. For case, some people like adventuresome and electrifying activities, such as mountain mounting, bungee-jumping, sky-diving and so on ; people volitionally perform those hazardous and dangerous activities for their ain pleasance. Same doctrine is being followed by some other persons most of the clip, like scientists, poets, writers, instrumentalists, and painters. I wholly comply with aforesaid theory in my personal context. For case, if I can finish the Masters Degree accomplishing my expected consequence ( for illustration, differentiation ) , I will be mentally blessed of believing that all my difficult work has paid off. This cherished feeling may arouse my motive over once more prosecuting further academic survey ( like PhD ) and calling patterned advance, as it occurred before choosing the Masters Programme at Bangor.

Second, extrinsic wagess are valued results within the control of others, such as acknowledgment, improvement and money. In my state of affairs, a concern related Masters Degree can speed up my calling patterned advance. As I do non hold a concern background, my farther calling patterned advance in banking industry was in inquiry. Once I realised this affair I was intentionally believing of ‘how to supply ‘ a span across my experience and instruction. This realization steadfastly motivated me into taking portion on an MBA Banking and Finance at Bangor University to work up the calling ladder ; that would offer me extrinsic wagess in the close hereafter such as, better calling chance, publicity, higher wage, celebrity and so on.

Personal Learning manners and attacks

Harmonizing to Huczynski & A ; Buchanan ( 2007 ) , larning is the procedure of achieving cognition thorough experience, which leads to a defying alteration in behavior. In psychological science, acquisition is one of the most important subjects, at the same clip argumentative every bit good since it is really hard to explicate ‘how do we larn ‘ . We can non see what goes indoors our caput, but it merely reflects when our behavior alterations. Besides sometimes, experiences may be the agencies of behavior alterations. On the other manus, our apprehensions are in a changeless province of development. We can larn things from milieus without recognizing that we have merely leant. In my context, the first twenty-four hours when I started at Bangor, I was unaware of the university location, locations of talk theaters, and how to register for the class. But in a really short period of clip, I managed to larn everything from milieus and experiences.

Again people ‘s acquisition manners vary, nevertheless there is a common acquisition rhythm called, ‘Kolb ‘s Learning Cycle ‘ , ab initio proposed by Kurt Lewin ( 1946, reproduced in 1948 ) , a German-american psychologist who got that thought from control technology, which subsequently on popularised by David Kolb ( 1984 ) . This Learning Cycle comprises four correlative elements demoing how people learn new things. First: people gain experiences from assorted happenings, 2nd: every bit shortly as happening occurred people start detecting ; which reflects in their head repeatedly, 3rd: people so get down bring forthing general constructs of that happening, 4th: people use already-gained constructs or experiences for future experiment. Honey and Mumford ( 1986 ) developed a Learning Style Questionnaire Based on Kolb ‘s ( 1984 ) work. Using that research questionnaire they identified four different acquisition manners which besides vary depending on the person. First: militant, who is ever eager to larn something new, 2nd: reflector, who wants to take clip and believe about the subject before larning anything new, 3rd: theoretician, who wants to calculate out the correlativity between old and new constructs before acquisition, 4th: pragmatist, who wants to experiment the subject before larning anything new utilizing already-gained experiences. ( This is illustrated in Figure-1 )

Figure-1: The Lewinian Experiential Learning Model ( after Kolb, 1984, p21 ) with the linked Honey and Mumford Learning Styles in italics ( Honey and Mumford, 1986 ) ( Learning Styles ( The Higher Education Academy Engineering Subject Centre, 2010 ) )

After researching on Kolb ‘s Learning Cycle in concurrence with Honey and Mumford ‘s Learning Styles, I consider myself a scholar who learns utilizing multi-styles. For case, I am an empirical scholar who largely learns from experience and is ever eager to larn something new as an Activist. Nevertheless I take clip and believe about the subject before larning, like a Reflector. Then I start bring forthing basic constructs before tilting anything new, like a Theorist. Finally I would wish to research the new subject based on my already-gained constructs in real-life scenario before larning, like a Pragmatist.

In inquiry of ‘learning attacks ‘ , there are three different sorts of attacks to larning based on Biggs ( 1999 ) and Butler ‘s ( 1993 ; 1994 ; 1995 ) research. First: Surface attack that involves implicitly larning the fact and memorizing it without minimizing the significance, which frequently leads to damaging consequences when reproduced for appraisal. Second: Deep attack to larning that involves critical rating and through apprehension of the root of the facts in concurrence with empirical constructs which person can decide if any different contexts arise. In a sense, deep scholars ever seek the significance ; therefore it offers a life-long apprehension of the fact. Third: Strategic attack ( Butler, 1993 ; 1994 ; 1995 ) to larning involves utilizing an organized manner to finish the undertaking on clip and accomplishing expected success. As Strategic scholars are ever achievement focussed, sometimes they may prosecute the attack merely to obtain the success without hold oning the true significances or facts of the subject.

After finishing comprehensive research I once more consider myself to be an person who learns by carry oning multi-approaches. When to larn a new subject I critically evaluate the affair to understand the facts and map out how to finish the undertaking on clip to give success. Therefore, I have come in a decision of sing myself a scholar who learns by uniting Deep and Strategic acquisition attacks.

Group formation and development phases

Huczynski & A ; Buchanan ( 2007, p 281 ) explain “ Group that comprises of two or more people, in face-to-face interaction, each aware of his or her rank in the group, each aware of the others who belong to the same group, and each aware of their positive mutuality as they strive to accomplish their ends, ” Although there is no strict regulation of organizing the group, it should n’t travel over more than 12 people, because the bigger the group, the more hard it is to pass on with group persons. Groups are chiefly one of two types: Formal group, which is task-oriented and comprises an official construction with dedicated direction to achieve success, tends to be lasting and is used to execute company ‘s cumulative aims. Where as Informal group is about opposite of formal group by definition ; it is usually being formed for societal assemblages.

George Homans has offered a comprehensive account in his book The Human Group ( Homans, 1951 ) that the environment is one of the biggest factors of the formation of a group. He indicated about behavior of the group persons based on their activities every bit good as how good they communicate with each other. It is really of import to hold an amicable environment in the group and common apprehension among group members to finish the undertaking with success. George Homans ( 1951 ) besides discussed in his book that a group more likely to be successful if some basic factors can be considered before organizing it.

First: Background factors which focus on material-facility demands, cultural variegations, technological installations, undertaking ordinances and budget.

Second: Required and given behaviors which focus on some indispensable behavior that group members must hold for working in a group. To finish the occupation on clip, group-individuals must hold to carry on some regular undertakings by pass oning with other members, have to follow certain regulations and ordinances, have to take part in the group with their ain involvement, and have to demo a ‘can bash ‘ attitude all the clip.

Third: Emergent or existent behaviors which focus on some other behavioral actions that group persons carry out in add-on to aforesaid factors ; like, if group members have good interactions among themselves, they may dish the dirt with each other to take ennui though it could be forbidden by the authorization ; or misinterpretation may originate in sentiments among group members which can make division in the group.

Research by Bruce Tuckman and Mary Ann Jensen suggests a formal group ‘s development occurs in five phases ( Tuckman, 1965 ; Tuckman and Jensen, 1977 ) . The phases are:

Forming, an initiation phase when persons hardly know each other, therefore they are largely occupied detecting about one another ‘s attitudes and backgrounds. Besides they try to happen out more about the regulations and ordinances of the undertaking.

Ramping, the most hostile phase when people try to happen their suited group, seek to act upon others, happen clangs between pick and suitableness of undertaking docket which may prosecute struggle with the authorization.

Norming, the structured phase when group persons know their allocated undertakings, to execute the undertakings decently they start developing a common trust and good family among them.

Performing, at this phase group persons are largely occupied in problem-solving and working hard to accomplish the end on clip based on the already-formed construction.

Adjourning is the reasoning phase when the group may pulverize due to task completion, or group persons may fall in into another group for a new undertaking.

Following thorough research on ‘group ‘ definition, formation theory and phases of group development countries, we have formed a formal group of seven students to carry through the coursework. So far we have undertaken a twosome of group meetings to day of the month. We have considered assorted factors before organizing the group are below:

Background factors which include set uping a regular meeting room in the university campus, taking people from different geographical locations to convey diverseness, guaranting some technological installations, like computing machine, projector and flipchart, implementing a rigorous policy of attending in meeting and volitionally take parting in regular undertakings to complete it on clip and eventually, organizing a common fund to raise money for disbursals, like, photocopy, printing or traveling for interviews. We have besides considered the needed and given behaviors every bit good as emergent or existent behaviors before organizing the group.

In footings of phases of group development, we have merely completed Forming and Storming phases. In the forming phase we introduced each other, found out attitudes, backgrounds, strengths and failings ; besides produce the docket of the undertakings every bit good as basic regulations and ordinances of the group.

The feverish phase was ramping phase, although we had an organized pronunciamento for the meeting, group members still came up with batch of inquiries. These were approximately how to get down the undertaking, taking the sample ( administration ) for the undertaking, questions on already given regulations in Forming session, leading, undertaking allotment, time-management and so on.

In malice of all those struggles, we managed to organize a formal construction at the terminal to intensify the group to the following degree, which is Norming phase, where we are anticipating to organize a common apprehension and good-fellowship among us to pitch up our activities towards the completion of the group-work on clip. Our group activities will be reported more in inside informations in the group study.

Issues in group work and effectual solutions

So far the issues we have come across in the group work are as follows:

Issue: Communication, as the bulk of the group persons were from outside of the United Kingdom hence English was n’t their first linguistic communication.

Solution: We have decided to utilize English at all the clip with a slow and clear tone so that we can follow each other ‘s pronunciations ; which we are sing another larning point from the group work. We are besides promoting one another to inquire inquiries if any ambiguity turns up in the treatment.

Issue: Decision devising, a important affair that rose in the storming phase around the countries such as, leading, time-management, group regulations and ordinances, and undertakings allotment and task-commencement.

Solution: At the storming phase foremost, we had selected a project-leader utilizing democratic vote system with all group members ‘ blessing. The undertaking leader will take the group through out the completion of the coursework and all group persons cooperate volitionally.

Second, we have sketched a project-plan utilizing Gantt chart for time-management every bit good as undertaking continuance.

Third, we have implemented a set of group regulations and ordinances, which comprise of take parting in group meeting on a regular footing, finishing group undertakings on clip, maintaining amicable relationships with each other. A just intervention will be applied for all group persons, nothing tolerance will be shown of any racism or intimidation activities arise in the group.

Finally, we have conducted single undertakings distributions utilizing group members ‘ common involvement. Each person has chosen a subject and in every hebdomadal meeting he/she will execute a presentation on advancement.

Issue: In inquiry of ‘how to command the group activities ‘ and ‘using leading power ‘ .

Solution: As ‘controlling ‘ is a critical portion of the direction procedure to actuate persons and to accomplish ends, we have given excess attention to do this happen by implementing rigorous regulations as I mentioned earlier. The leader will supervise the activities really closely all the clip.

Furthermore it has been agreed that the leader will non set about any determination without the bulk of the group members ‘ consent, as group members reserve the power to take a new leader, if necessary.

We are besides expecting few other issues that may originate while carry oning farther group work, such as set uping clip to interview directors for primary informations, any unexpected accident or illness, redacting the study and so on. Group-report will consist of all extroverted issues and account of ‘how did we cover with those issues ‘ .

Decision

To reason, this essay has clearly defined my motive of taking portion in the Masters Degree programme at Bangor get downing with a brief background refering my household surroundings, personality and ideal work-environment. Later on, with coaction of assorted motive theories, ( such as, content theory, anticipation theory and occupation enrichment theory ) , a clear justification has been provided sing my motive. Using Kolb ‘s learning rhythm every bit good as larning theories I have pin-pointed my acquisition manners and attacks. Afterwards the essay has besides comprised of group formation by concentrating on assorted factors ( such as, background factors, required and given behaviors, and emergent or existent behavior ) and development phases ( such as, organizing, ramping, norming, executing and recessing ) ; which we have used to organize our group for farther group work. Finally, I have indicated the issues that have already risen in group work and hold provided effectual solutions. Besides, if there are any issues originate in farther group work, those will cover with group persons ‘ common determinations ; all will be published in group-report with solutions.