Teaching Of Advanced Level Mathematics In Brunei Education Essay

Introduction

This chapter will explicate how the survey will be conducted to bring forth the informations needed to turn to each research inquiry stated in Chapter 1. Besides included in this chapter will be the survey design, specification of the chosen sample, lineations of survey processs, the instruments used, the informations aggregation tools and techniques used to analyse the information collected.

Study Design

This research survey will necessitate a combination of both Quantitative and Qualitative research methods in order to garner the necessary required informations to reply the three research inquiries as stated in the first chapter.

Aims

The research aims to look into the extent of the usage of ICT in the instruction of Advanced Level Mathematicss by Sixth Form instructors in Brunei. Another aim of this research is to look into the extent of betterment in the pupils ‘ accomplishment in Trigonometry with the AIDSs of ICT tools. Finally, the research worker aims to happen out the troubles that pupils faced when larning Trigonometry.

Study Framework

The tabular array below shows the model for the survey.

Table 1

Research Study Framework

Research Questions

Data Type

Instrument

Data Collection Strategy

Datas Analysis

To what extent do instructors utilize ICT in the instruction of Advanced Level Mathematics in Brunei?

Quantitative

Questionnaire

Questionnaire

Descriptive

To what extent does larning Trigonometry with ICT-enhanced activities improve pupils ‘ accomplishments in Trigonometry?

Quantitative and Qualitative

A paper and pencil pre and station trial paper marked out of 33.

Observation and Video-taping

Written trials

Lesson Observations

Descriptive and statistical significance

Transcribed

What are the jobs / troubles encountered by pupils in the acquisition and apprehension of Trigonometry?

Quantitative and Qualitative

A paper and pencil pre and station trial paper marked out of 33.

Interview books

Written trials

Student interviews

Descriptive and statistical significance

Transcribed

Sample and Demographic Background of Students

The survey will be carried out at Pusat Tingkatan Enam Tutong, a new Sixth Form Centre in Tutong territory. The school has an estimated 550 pupils in both Upper and Lower Six degrees.

The samples chosen for this survey are 4 categories of Lower Six assorted ability pupils set abouting Advanced Level Mathematics.

Table 1

Sample Classs and Students ‘ Background Knowledge

Class

Lower 6 Block

No. of Students

No. of Students With Additional Mathematics Knowledge

Male

Female

1

( Experimental )

2B

( Experimental )

( Control )

( Control )

Table 1 shows the categories from which the sample for the survey are taken, the figure of male childs and misss in the several categories and their background cognition of Additional Mathematics i.e. whether the pupils have taken up Extra Mathematicss during their O’Levels.

Lesson Design

Table 2

Sample Classs and Procedure Outlines

Class

Lower 6 Block

Procedures

Pre-Test

ICT based Instruction manuals

Post-Test

1

( Experimental )

a?s

a?s

a?s

2B

( Experimental )

a?s

a?s

a?s

( Control )

a?s

Ten

a?s

( Control )

a?s

Ten

a?s

Table 2 briefly illustrates how the samples groups were studied. There are 2 experimental groups ( i.e. Blocks 1 and 2B ) and 2 control groups ( i.e. Blocks and ) from the same school chosen for the survey. The experimental groups will be exposed to learning utilizing ICT whereas the control groups will be taught utilizing traditional method of learning ( i.e. chalk-and-talk method ) .

Control Groups

The stuffs used in the instruction of the control groups consist of prepared notes, whiteboard and exercisings. The instructor learning the control groups will give the instructions through the traditional method that is by presenting talks utilizing the notes and often utilizing the whiteboard. The instructor requires the pupils to work out the exercisings given in the notes after holding shown a few illustrations on the whiteboard. Daily assignments will be given to the pupils and checked on a regular basis by the instructor.

Experimental Groups

The pupils from the experimental groups will have the ICT based lessons. The research worker ( i.e. the facilitator ) will present the lessons by supplying worksheets that contained activities which required the usage of different Mathematical Software. The package used will either be pre-installed by the facilitator before any lesson is conducted or downloaded from the cyberspace. The package includes Geogebra applet package ( Internet based ) and besides Autograph ( pre-installed ) .

Meeting

A meeting session was held with the Principal of the selected school to seek permission to carry on the research. Another session was administered with the collaborating coachs to seek permission to utilize their categories for the research survey. The collaborating coach from the experimental groups was so provided with the inside informations of the survey i.e. the aims and how the lessons will be conducted.

Instruments

Different instruments will be designed to roll up the needed informations to reply the research inquiries for the survey.

Questionnaire

A questionnaire will be designed to reply the first research inquiry i.e. “ To what extent do instructors utilize ICT in the instruction of Advanced Level Mathematics in Brunei? ” The designed questionnaire will be pre-checked by the supervisor on content cogency. The questionnaire will so be distributed to all the Sixth Form coachs learning Advanced Level Mathematics in Brunei and hopefully assist the research worker to garner the sufficient information required.

Pre-test and Post-test

Two trials ( pre and station trials ) will be administered to the pupils from all 4 sample groups. The trials will be the chief instruments used in the survey to reply the 2nd research inquiry i.e. “ To what extent does larning Trigonometry with ICT-enhanced activities improve pupils ‘ accomplishments in Trigonometry? ” The trial points are taken from past scrutiny documents ( Cambridge International Examinations 2004 – 2011 ) . All the trial documents will hold the same figure of inquiries and a sum of 33 Markss. The trial inquiries chiefly focus on work outing trigonometric equations and turn outing trigonometric individualities.

Dependability of Test

The trial points for the pre-test have been piloted to a category of 22 Upper Six pupils in Pusat Tingkatan Enam Tutong, a Sixth Form College. The informations collected from the trial was so analyzed for dependability utilizing SPSS package and the consequences yielded a Cronbach Alpha of 0.764 and a Split-Half coefficient of 0.795.

Worksheets

ICT based worksheets will be handed out to the pupils from the experimental group. These worksheets will function as instruction notes which consist of hands-on activities for pupils to seek utilizing the applied package. The worksheets are designed to present a new acquisition environment for the pupils which will assist heighten their apprehension of the Trigonometric constructs.

Interviews

Interviews will be conducted with a random sample of pupils selected from both experimental groups. The chief aim of the interview is to place the jobs or troubles the pupil faced during the learning procedure and besides to place any possible defects of the planned lesson such as trouble in utilizing the package or penchant of learning method. The information gathered from the interview will so be used to reply the concluding research inquiry i.e. “ What are the jobs / troubles encountered by pupils in the acquisition and apprehension of Trigonometry? ”

Video-recording

The lessons conducted in both experimental groups will be video-recorded and so analyzed to supply supportive grounds in replying either the 2nd or 3rd research inquiries.

Treatment of Datas

Qualitative Data

Datas collected from the interview Sessionss will be transcribed and analyzed. All the of import information analyzed will be categorized harmonizing to subjects in order to turn to the research inquiry.

Any information obtained from the picture recordings will be transcribed and included as portion of the findings.

Quantitative Data

The post-test consequences will be analyzed utilizing the SPSS package and so compared to the pre trial consequences. Different methods of comparings will be made utilizing the consequences obtained and will be discussed subsequently on in the study.

Drumhead

This chapter summarizes on the design of the survey and the methodological analysis used to garner all the necessary information to reply the research inquiries. Two categories are treated as the experimental groups and another two categories treated as the control groups. Experimental groups will have their lessons through the usage of ICT based activities whereas the control groups will be taught utilizing the traditional method of instruction.